Program on International Justice

In the wake of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, there is a clear need for effective systems of national and international justice and accountability. Made possible by the generous support of the MacArthur Foundation, the CFR Program on International Justice examines the work of international criminal tribunals, including the International Criminal Court, and issues such as universal jurisdiction. The program is directed by Adjunct Senior Fellows John B. Bellinger III and Matthew C. Waxman. The program published a special report to prepare for the International Criminal Court's seven year review conference, which took place in Kampala, Uganda, in 2010. In 2011, the program produced a special report that recognizes the limitations of current Hague-based international justice systems and provides a strategy for promoting national-level justice and accountability mechanisms to prosecute perpetrators of mass atrocity crimes.

Subprojects

Council Special Report on the Seven Year Review Conference for the International Criminal Court

Director: John B. Bellinger III, Adjunct Senior Fellow for International and National Security Law
January 25, 2010—April 30, 2010

The United States faces a series of difficult policy and strategic questions with respect to its participation in the upcoming International Criminal court (ICC) Review Conference at Kampala, Uganda. The conference will consider the addition of the definition of the crime of aggression as well as a restriction on the rights of states to opt out of the Court's jurisdiction over war crimes. The conference may also consider proposals that the United States strongly opposed in the 1998 Rome negotiations. This Council Special Report will recommend primary and secondary objectives for the United States at the conference and suggest steps the Obama administration should take to best empower American negotiators to achieve those objectives.

Publications

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Meetings

Meeting

The Future of International Justice

Speakers David TolbertInternational Center for Transnational Justice, David TolbertInternational Center for Transnational Justice
Presiders Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations
March 17, 2011

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

A Conversation with Luis Moreno-Ocampo

Speakers Luis Moreno-OcampoInternational Criminal Court, Luis Moreno-OcampoInternational Criminal Court
Presiders John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations, John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations
December 8, 2010

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

A Conversation with Serge Brammertz

Speakers Serge BrammertzInternational Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Serge BrammertzInternational Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
Presiders John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations, John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations
December 7, 2010

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Meeting

Sudan at the Crossroads: A Trip Report

Speakers Michael AbramowitzUnited States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Lucian Perkins, Michael AbramowitzUnited States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Lucian Perkins
Presiders Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations
October 28, 2010

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

U.S. Policy Toward the Upcoming International Criminal Court Review Conference

Speakers Rosa BrooksU.S. Department of Defense, Stephen J. RappU.S. Department of State, Harold Hongju KohU.S. Department of State, Stephen J. RappU.S. Department of State, Harold Hongju KohU.S. Department of State, Rosa BrooksU.S. Department of Defense
Presiders Patricia WaldFormer Judge, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and Former Chief Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, Patricia WaldFormer Judge, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and Former Chief Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
Discussants William H. Taft IVFried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson, LLP, John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, William H. Taft IVFried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson, LLP, John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations
May 14, 2010

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

The History of the Rome Conference Negotiations and Implications for the Kampala Review Conference

Speakers Wiliam K. LietzauU.S. Department of Defense, Wiliam K. LietzauU.S. Department of Defense
Presiders Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations
March 22, 2010

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

The History of the Rome Conference Negotiations and Implications for the Kampala Review Conference

Speakers David J. SchefferCenter for International Human Rights, Northwestern University Law School, David J. SchefferCenter for International Human Rights, Northwestern University Law School
Presiders John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations
March 3, 2010

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting ⁄ Washington

Pursuing International Justice: A Conversation with Luis Moreno-Ocampo

Speakers Stephen M. SchwebelFormer President and Judge, International Court of Justice, Luis Moreno-OcampoProsecutor, International Criminal Court (ICC), Luis Moreno-OcampoProsecutor, International Criminal Court (ICC), Stephen M. SchwebelFormer President and Judge, International Court of Justice
February 4, 2010 6:00–6:30 p.m. - Dinner Reception
6:30–7:30 p.m. - Meeting

This meeting is on the record.

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Meeting ⁄ New York, NY

International Criminal Tribunals - Lessons from Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and Cambodia

Speakers Richard DickerInternational Justice Program, Human Rights Watch, Ambassador Clint WilliamsonU.S. Department of State, Ambassador Clint WilliamsonU.S. Department of State, Richard DickerInternational Justice Program, Human Rights Watch
Presiders Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations, John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations
November 30, 2009

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting ⁄ Washington, DC

The International Criminal Court and the Crime of Aggression

Speakers Ambassador Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al-HusseinHashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Ambassador Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al-HusseinHashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Presiders John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations, John B. Bellinger IIICouncil on Foreign Relations, Matthew C. WaxmanCouncil on Foreign Relations
October 20, 2009

This meeting is not for attribution.

Program on International Justice Fellows