Author: Gigi K. Gronvall, Senior Associate, Center for Health Security, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Council on Foreign Relations Press
Gigi Gronvall examines the controversy surrounding the publication of two H5N1 flu–transmission studies as a case study to illuminate why dual-use research of concern is not just a problem for scientists. This paper clarifies the arguments that arose for and against publication, offers lessons learned regarding future dual-use research to scientists, research directors, publishers, and policymakers, and promotes a reasonable consideration of the risks and benefits of dual-use research.
To learn more about the broader implications of this H5N1 debate and dual-use research of concern, view a short video here.
Gigi Gronvall is a senior associate at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Center for Health Security and an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. She is associate editor of the quarterly journal Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science, and is also the author of the book, Preparing for Bioterrorism: The Alfred P. Sloan's Leadership in Biosecurity. Gronvall received a BS in biology from Indiana University. She subsequently worked as a protein chemist at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and received a PhD from Johns Hopkins University for work on T-cell receptor/MHC I interactions.