In this globalized world, countries will need to cooperate on policies that extend across borders to address issues that affect them all, including conflict prevention and peacemaking. The authors of this report assess the strengths and weaknesses of international institutions and provide a set of practical recommendations for how the United States can strengthen the global architecture for preventive action by partnering with those organizations.
The repercussions of a terrorist attack on the United States originating in Pakistan could be catastrophic. Professor Stephen Tankel outlines policy tools that U.S. decision-makers can employ to prevent an attack and to mitigate the consequences if one occurs.
As tobacco reemerges as a contentious issue in trade policy, CFR Senior Fellow Thomas Bollyky argues that the Obama administration can better balance U.S. mandates on tobacco trade policy with its interests in promoting global health and U.S. standing abroad.
This Independent Task Force finds that Brazil is a significant international actor whose influence on global issues is likely to increase and recommends that U.S. policymakers and others recognize its global standing and work with Brazil to develop complementary policies. This report is also available in Portuguese.
CFR Senior Fellow Daniel Markey argues that the United States should move quickly to convert the post–bin Laden crisis in U.S.-Pakistan relations into an opportunity for significant and positive reform of Pakistan's security and intelligence services.
Electoral instability and insurrectionary violence may once again afflict the Democratic Republic of Congo. Joshua Marks of the National Endowment for Democracy proposes steps the United States can take to prevent these scenarios from occurring and, if they occur, mitigate their potential consequences.
Investment in voluntary international family planning is one of the most cost-effective ways to strengthen critical U.S. foreign policy objectives, including improving global health, promoting economic development, stabilizing fragile states, and encouraging environmental sustainability.
Family planning and reproductive health programs improve public health and foster stability and economic growth. Dr. Koki Agarwal, director of the MCHIP Program at Jhpiego, argues that such investments are necessary for the success of U.S. foreign policy goals in countries with high population growth.
Current global population growth rates and consumption patterns are not environmentally sustainable. Integrated population and environment approaches would allow governments to effectively address these at both a macro and micro level.
U.S. foreign aid will be more effective if increased investments are made in reproductive health and family planning programs in high-population-growth countries. These cost-effective programs help reduce the stress that rapid population growth places on a country's economic, environmental, and social resources.
One of the greatest challenges facing the poorest developing countries is the urgent need for comprehensive, integrated reproductive health services. If unanswered, this challenge will jeopardize poverty reduction measures and threaten their long-term economic growth prospects.
China's policy of holding down the value of its currency and monetary easing in the United States have led to large capital inflows into emerging economies. Although consensus in emerging markets has formed around capital controls, Francis E. Warnock challenges their underlying assumptions.
Many low-paying jobs have moved from the United States to rapidly growing markets abroad, and higher-paying jobs may soon follow. While Americans benefit from cheaper goods, employment opportunities have diminished. Policymakers should address this trade-off as a first step toward tackling questions of inequality and economic distribution.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
The author examines Pakistan's complex role in U.S. foreign policy and advocates for a two-pronged approach that works to quarantine threats while integrating Pakistan into the broader U.S. agenda in Asia.