Foreign policy analyses written by CFR fellows and published by trade presses, academic presses, or the Council on Foreign Relations Press.

Atlantic Security: Contending Visions

Atlantic Security argues that although policymakers have embarked on ambitious plans to enlarge NATO into central and eastern Europe, a guiding vision for fashioning an Atlantic alliance for the next century has yet to emerge.

See more in NATO; Europe

Centralization or Fragmentation?

Author: Andrew Moravcsik

Europe faces looming challenges. The authors examine the nuts and bolts of EU machinery and present a compelling argument that "ever closer union" will only be possible with greater balance and flexibility among supranational, national, and subnational actors.

See more in Europe; EU

Economic Sanctions and American Diplomacy

Author: Richard N. Haass

"Sanctions don't work" is an often-heard refrain. The reality, though, is more complex. Sanctions—mostly economic but also political and military penalties aimed at states or other entities to alter political and/or military behavior—almost always have consequences, sometimes desirable, at other times unwanted and unexpected.

See more in United States; Sanctions

The Rise of China (Foreign Affairs Books)

China’s dramatic recent rise to power raises a number of questions: Will it become an economic giant? Is it a status-quo power? Is it likely to invade Taiwan? The only thing we can know for sure is that the relationship between China and the United States will be one of the most important of the twenty-first century.

See more in Asia and Pacific

The City and the World

At first glance, a study on cities and foreign policy may seem a bold leap into the future of international relations, but it represents, rather, a giant step into the present—into what is already taking place across the country and around the world.

See more in United States; State and Local Governments

Trade Strategies for a New Era

Trade Strategies for a New Era proposes concrete ways to cut the U.S. trade deficit, to deal with commercial problems arising from Asia's economic woes, and to bring back on track the recently derailed U.S. presidential fast-track authority. It offers a strategy to build the necessary bipartisan support inside the United States for trade policy and to help U.S. companies gain access to foreign markets.

See more in Trade

Stabilizing Nigeria

Authors: Barnett R. Rubin, Pearl T. Robinson, and Peter M. Lewis

To investigate Nigeria and consider various strategies to meet iproblems the country is currently facing, the Council on Foreign Relations' Center for Preventive Action (CPA) established a working group on Nigeria.

See more in Nigeria; Conflict Prevention

Sustaining the Transition

The dislocations caused by the transition from communism—in particular unemployment and poverty—have increased the demand for social support. But the level of benefits set in the communist era is, in most of these countries, too high to be sustained without inflicting serious damage on their economies.

See more in Europe; Democratization

Fires Across the Water

Author: James J. Shinn

The glittering economic success of the New Asia has a dark side of drug trafficking, illegal migration, labor abuses, and pollution. These so-called transnational problems are grabbing headlines and forcing themselves onto the diplomatic agenda with increasing frequency, shouldering aside traditional questions of commerce and security.

See more in Asia and Pacific; Transnational Crime

The World and Yugoslavia's Wars

This book addresses such questions as: What role did outside powers play in the dissolution of Yugoslavia and in the wars that wracked that once-stable country? Why did the victors in the Cold War and the 1991 Gulf War not act earlier to stop the slaughter?

See more in Yugoslavia; Conflict Assessment