Foreign Affairs

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Reforming Nigeria

Author: Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

Born to professors in what was then still a British colony, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was a teenager when civil war broke out in Nigeria seven years after independence, and she ended up working as a cook for the Biafran rebels on the frontlines.

See more in Nigeria; International Finance

The Indian in the Closet

Author: Ira Trivedi

On a bright January day, a group of around 200 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) activists dressed in black, to symbolize mourning, gathered at Jantar Mantar, a site in New Delhi that frequently plays host to protests and demonstrations.

See more in India; Human Rights

Privacy Pragmatism

Author: Craig Mundie

Ever since the Internet became a mass social phenomenon in the 1990s, people have worried about its effects on their privacy.

See more in United States; Intelligence

Failure to Launch

Author: Jonathan Alter

President Barack Obama has often said that his proudest domestic achievement is the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (commonly known as the ACA or Obamacare).

See more in United States; Health Policy and Initiatives

As Objects Go Online

Authors: Neil Gershenfeld and JP Vasseur

Since 1969, when the first bit of data was transmitted over what would come to be known as the Internet, that global network has evolved from linking mainframe computers to connecting personal computers and now mobile devices.

See more in Global; Technology and Science

Networking Nature

Author: John Hoekstra

Conservation is for the first time beginning to operate at the pace and on the scale necessary to keep up with, and even get ahead of, the planet's most intractable environmental challenges

See more in Global; Energy and Environment

(Mis)leading Indicators

Author: Zachary Karabell

Economic numbers have come to define our world. Individuals, organizations, and governments assess how they are doing based on what these numbers tell them.

See more in United States; Economics

Among the Believers

Authors: Bernard Avishai and Jalal Al-e Ahmad

In the early 1960s, Jalal Al-e Ahmad was one of Iran's leading literary celebrities, a writer whose works deeply impressed the dissident clerics who would go on to found and lead the Islamic Republic.

See more in Iran; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity

Live and Let Leak

Author: Jack Shafer

Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy. By Rahul Sagar. Princeton University Press, 2013, 304 pp. $35.00.

See more in United States; Intelligence

The First Cold War

Author: Deborah R. Coen

Global Crisis: War, Climate Change, and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century. By Geoffrey Parker. Yale University Press, 2013, 904 pp. $40.00.

See more in Global; Climate Change

Hypocrisy Hype

Authors: Martha Finnemore and Michael Cohen

In their essay "The End of Hypocrisy" (November/December 2013), Henry Farrell and Martha Finnemore argue that the biggest threat from leakers of classified information such as Chelsea Manning and Edward Snowden is that "they undermine Washington's ability to act hypocritically and get away with it."

See more in United States; Intelligence

Is Cyberwar Real?

Authors: Jarno Limnell and Thomas Rid

Thomas Rid ("Cyberwar and Peace," November/December 2013) describes cyberattacks as somehow separate from conventional warfare because they fail to meet all three of Clausewitz's definitions of war as violent, instrumental, and attributable to one side as an action taken for a political goal.

See more in United States; Cybersecurity

Putin's Lehman Moment

Author: Robert Kahn

Robert Kahn argues that the West should be ready to impose more robust economic sanctions against Russia, in order to deter it from further infiltrating or destabilizing Ukraine. Russia's economic complexity means sanctions would meaningfully reduce Russian wealth and growth, since Russian oligarchs and business leaders have significant financial stakes in the West.

See more in Russia and Central Asia; Sanctions