Articles

Academic articles by CFR fellows and experts.

Tackling Unemployment in Egypt through Apprenticeship

Council on Foreign Relations

Isobel Coleman writes that the emphasis on vocational education and training (VET) in Egypt's new constitution's has merit, but other countries' struggles with training the workforce of tomorrow are sobering. Put simply, effective VET programs are hard to do.

See more in Egypt; Labor

China-Korea Relations: Crying Uncle No More: Stark Choices for Relations

Authors: Scott A. Snyder and See-won Byun
Comparative Connections

New strategic challenges that have emerged in recent months influence China's relations with both Koreas into the new year. While regional developments, especially North Korean domestic politics, may lead to a deepening convergence of aims among the United States, South Korea, and China, there remains a stark difference over preferred outcomes. CFR's Scott Snyder and See-won Byun of George Washington University explain the defense and economic developments over the past year and look at prospects for 2014 China-Korea relations.

See more in Asia and Pacific; Politics and Strategy

The Changing Face of Diplomacy

Author: Dominic Bocci
The Advocate
Not so long ago the idea of a gay person representing the United States in embassies abroad was unimaginable. Oh, how times have changed. Whether by inspiring young U.S. foreign service officers or by promoting human rights through their diplomatic efforts abroad, openly gay U.S. ambassadors are adding a new aspect of diversity to the face of the U.S. diplomatic corps.

See more in Global; Diplomacy and Statecraft

Observation of Annealing-Induced Doping in TiO2 Mesoporous Single Crystals for Use in Solid State Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

Authors: Varun Sivaram, E.J.W. Crossland, T. Leijtens, N. Noel, J.A. Alexander-Webber, P. Docampo, and H.J. Snaith
Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

Varun Sivaram and co-authors improve the performance of third-generation solar photovoltaic cells, based on perovskite technology, by investigating fundamental electronic processes.

See more in Global; Energy Policy

Health Technology Assessment in Universal Health Coverage

Authors: Yanzhong Huang, Kalipso Chalkidou, Robert Marten, Derek Cutler, Tony Culyer, Richard Smith, Yot Teerawattananon, Francoise Cluzeau, Ryan Li, Richard Sullivan, Victoria Fan, Amanda Glassman, Yu Dezhi, Sam McPherson, Thiagarajan Sundararaman, Neil Squires, Nils Daulaire, Rajeev Sadanandan, and Alexandre Lemgruber
The Lancet

Yanzhong Huang and colleagues examine universal health coverage and the role of technology.

See more in Global; Health Policy and Initiatives

R.I.P. Republican Internationalism

Authors: Leslie H. Gelb and Michael Kramer
Democracy: A Journal of Ideas

It's generally said that the Tea Party is only interested in strangling domestic and economic issues, but that's wrong. They also have interest and power to undermine Republican Party internationalism and U.S. foreign policy. So write Leslie H. Gelb and Michael Kramer in Democracy Journal.

See more in United States; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures

Political Parties at War: A Study of American War Finance, 1789–2010

Authors: Sarah E. Kreps and Gustavo A. Flores-Macias
The American Political Science Review

Sarah Kreps and Gustavo Flores-Macias study the history of war finance in the United States and show that politics does not stop at the water's edge and that instead, partisan politics is a key determinant for whether the United States has financed wars through taxes or alternatives such as borrowing.

See more in United States; Wars and Warfare; Economics

Legacy and Lessons of the Crisis

Authors: Charles A. Kupchan and Robert Kahn
German Times

Charles Kupchan and Robert Kahn argue that the European Union needs more rapid progress toward fiscal and banking union to escape its current economic and political crisis.

See more in Europe; Economics

Europe’s Make or Break Moment

Authors: Charles A. Kupchan and Robert Kahn
Survival: Global Politics and Strategy

Charles Kupchan and Robert Kahn examine the economic and political crisis in the European Union and discuss ways to restore financial stability, economic growth and political legitimacy to the project of European integration.

See more in Europe; Economics

Syria, Threats of Force, and Constitutional War Powers

Author: Matthew C. Waxman
Yale Law Journal Online

Matthew Waxman argues that debates about constitutional war powers neglect the critical role of threats of war or force in U.S. foreign policy. The recent Syria case highlights the President's vast legal power to threaten military force as well as the political constraints imposed by Congress on such threats. Incorporating threats into an understanding of constitutional powers over war and peace upends traditional arguments about presidential flexibility and congressional checks—arguments that have failed to keep pace with changes in U.S. grand strategy.

See more in United States; Presidents and Chiefs of State; Grand Strategy