Academic articles by CFR fellows and experts.

The Signal and the Noise

Author: Micah Zenko
Foreign Policy

Micah Zenko argues, "routine and unchallenged assertions highlight what is perhaps the most widely agreed-upon conventional wisdom in U.S. foreign and national security policymaking: the inherent power of signaling."

See more in United States; Defense Strategy

Killing Isn't Cool

Author: Micah Zenko
Foreign Policy

Micah Zenko says, "Military officials increasingly believe that the Obama administration must think through its current practices and policies of targeted killings, and consider how they can be reformed, or risk others following in U.S. footsteps."

See more in United States; Drones

The Warrior King

Author: Micah Zenko
Foreign Policy

Micah Zenko says, "Most analysts and journalists have focused on President Obama's expanded scope, intensity, and institutionalization of targeted killings against suspected terrorists and militants. However, perhaps the enduring legacy of the Obama administration will be its sustained, rigorous effort to shape and define-down the idea of war."

See more in Presidents and Chiefs of State; Wars and Warfare; United States

Hagel's Afghanistan-less Hearing

Author: Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
Foreign Policy

Throughout Chuck Hagel's marathon confirmation hearing, America's decade-long war in Afghanistan was noticeably overlooked. But it is curious to see the next secretary of defense receive so few inquiries from senators about the war whose end he will presumably oversee in the coming years, says Gayle Tzemach Lemmon.

See more in United States; Military Leadership

The People's Republic of Hacking

Author: Adam Segal
Foreign Policy

Adam Segal says the recent Chinese cyberattacks on Bloomberg and the New York Times highlights both the willingness of Beijing to shape the narrative about China, as well as the vulnerability the top leadership feels about how they are portrayed.

See more in Cybersecurity; China

Executive-Congressional Relations and National Security

Author: Matthew C. Waxman
Hoover Institution

In order to gain more congressional support for national security and foreign policy measures, "The Obama administration will need to pick its legislative priorities more deliberately, engage with allies and opponents in Congress more actively, and be willing to negotiate compromises or wage aggressive campaigns on key issues," says Matthew C. Waxman.

See more in Presidents and Chiefs of State; United States