Articles

Academic articles by CFR fellows and experts.

Japan’s Maritime Disputes: Implications for the U.S.-Japan Alliance

Authors: Sheila A. Smith and Charles McClean
Center for Naval Analyses

Sheila A. Smith and Research Associate Charles T. McClean argue that U.S. interests are affected by all three of Japan's territorial disputes with its neighbors. While the United States cannot resolve these disputes, it can and should do all that it can to promote peaceful dispute resolution and a lessening of military tensions.

See more in Japan; Sovereignty

Internet and Press Freedom in Taiwan

Author: Sharone Tobias
The Diplomat

Earlier this month, Taiwanese Internet advocacy groups succeeded in shutting down an anti-piracy bill similar to the U.S. Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA). Opposition to recent legislation shows that interest in internet and press freedoms remains strong.

See more in Taiwan; Internet Policy

Tender Shoots of Green

Author: Gayle Tzemach Lemmon
Foreign Policy

"While the United States may want to shed its Afghanistan obligations -- including its commitment to supporting the Afghan economy -- those who care about Afghanistan's security, and America's, will want to make certain the green shoots get tended," writes Gayle Tzemach-Lemmon

See more in Afghanistan; Nation Building

Self-Defensive Force Against Cyber Attacks: Legal, Strategic and Political Dimensions

Author: Matthew C. Waxman
International Law Studies

When does a cyber-attack (or threat of cyber-attack) give rise to a right of self-defense – including armed self-defense – and when should it? This essay examines these questions through three lenses: (1) a legal perspective, to examine the range of reasonable interpretations of self-defense rights as applied to cyber-attacks, and the relative merits of interpretations within that range; (2) a strategic perspective, to link a purported right of armed self-defense to long-term policy interests including security and stability; and (3) a political perspective, to consider the situational context in which government decision-makers will face these issues and predictive judgments about the reactions to cyber-crises of influential actors in the international system.

See more in Global; Cybersecurity

Holding Sway

Author: Jerome A. Cohen
South China Morning Post

Jerome A. Cohen says the Communist Party's sustained efforts since June 4 to influence China's courts for its own ends may be easing, but judicial independence is still a long way off.

See more in China; International Law

To Protect and Defend...

Author: Micah Zenko
Foreign Affairs

"It is troubling that someone who lectured on constitutional law for a dozen years…would misidentify the president's primary pledge and obligation," Micah Zenko writes. In this article, Zenko highlights the discrepancies between constitutional obligations of the U.S. presidency and what President Obama and former President Bush have identified as primary obligations.

See more in United States; Presidents and Chiefs of State

Pivot to a Trans-Atlantic Market

Authors: Charles A. Kupchan and Marta Dassù
New York Times

Yes, the United States is pivoting to Asia, one of the reasons for the tête-à-tête last week between Barack Obama and Xi Jinping. But behind the scenes, President Obama has actually been reorienting U.S. diplomacy toward Europe.

See more in EU; United States; Trade

Missing Mahmoud

Author: Reza Aslan
Foreign Policy

With Ayatollah Khamenei set to replace Mahmoud Ahmadinejad with a "fawning admirer" of his choosing, Ahmadinejad may be missed for his ability to challenge the Islamic Republic's ruling religious hierarchy.

See more in Iran; Global Governance