Academic articles by CFR fellows and experts.

Citi GPS Women in the Economy: Global Growth Generators

Authors: Heidi Crebo-Rediker, Willem H. Buiter, Tinda Fordham, and Ebrahim Rahbari
Citi GPS: Global Perspectives & Solutions

As a relatively new field, gender in macroeconomics suffers from incomplete data and from insufficient focus outside official institutions. In “Citi GPS Women in the Economy: Global Growth Generators,” CFR Senior Fellow Heidi Crebo-Rediker in a report co-authored with Tina M. Fordham of Citi, CFR Adjunct Senior Fellow Willem Buiter, and Ebrahim Rahbari of Citi revisit the “Global Growth Generators” thesis and argue that new policy responses, as well as learning from best practice, could improve female labor force participation with significant benefits that are not just economic but have social implications as well.


See more in Global; Women; Economic Development

Ensuring Tesla Doesn't Crowd Out the Batteries of the Future

Author: Varun Sivaram

Tesla is planning to scale up production of its lithium-ion batteries, which today power electric vehicles but tomorrow could back up the electricity grid, by building a massive “Gigafactory” in Nevada. Varun Sivaram argues that while positive in the short run, Tesla’s mediocre battery could crowd out more promising, advanced battery technologies in the long run, impeding long-term progress on climate change.

See more in Global; Renewable Energy

Amid Political Infighting, Malaysia's Democratic Slide Continues

Author: Joshua Kurlantzick
World Politics Review

Political infighting in Malaysia, with former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad demanding Prime Minister Najib Razak resign amid a corruption scandal, is the latest sign of the country’s democratic reversal. But, Joshua Kurlantzick writes, Malaysia’s slide is part of a trend across Southeast Asia, where democratization has stalled.

See more in Malaysia; Presidents and Chiefs of State; Democratization

Why Moore's Law Doesn't Apply to Clean Energy Technologies

Author: Varun Sivaram
Greentech Media

For fifty years, Moore’s Law has governed the startling pace of innovation in the computer chip industry. That Moore’s Law is an extraordinary phenomenon, unique to a single industry, is often forgotten by clean energy commentators who misappropriate it for predicting the progress of technologies like solar panels and batteries. Varun Sivaram argues that this sort of analogy is misleading, and that the clean energy sector should aspire to Moore-esque advances.

See more in Global; Renewable Energy; Clean Technology

Book Reivew: Band of Sisters: Elite Group of Female Army Soldiers Battled Under Harrowing Conditions

Author: Janine Davidson
New York Times

Writing for the New York Times and Women in the World, Janine Davidson reviews Gayle Tzemach Lemmon’s Ashley’s War. She discusses the institutional and physical challenges faced by this historic band of female battlefield operatives, and reflects on her own experience as the first woman to pilot C-130s in the Air Force.

See more in United States; Women; Military Operations

No Way Out

Author: Steven A. Cook
The American Interest

As we approach the Turkish parliamentary elections, the relationship between President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu is coming under intense scrutiny, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. While many believe that Davutoglu can lead a faction of the ruling party to check the president, the reality is that it is impossible to outmaneuver Erdogan.

See more in Turkey; Presidents and Chiefs of State

How Iran Can Game the Deal

Author: Ray Takeyh
Politico Magazine

The numerous concessions to Iran in the framework agreement means that the Islamic Republic should be able to manufacture bombs on short notice after the sunset clause expires, writes CFR’s Ray Takeyh. Nevertheless, the Iran deal is not beyond repair and the United States needs to address the deficiencies of the accord in the coming months to close all remaining holes.

See more in Iran; United States; Diplomacy and Statecraft

America's Rebalance to the Asia-Pacific: On Track

Authors: Janine Davidson and Lauren Dickey
The Diplomat

Janine Davidson and Lauren Dickey, writing in the Diplomat Magazine, assess the military, diplomatic, and economic measures taken in accordance with the U.S. rebalance to the Asia-Pacific. While the rebalance has so far been a success, they argue that it must be embraced by the next U.S. president in order to become an enduring national policy.

See more in Asia and Pacific; Grand Strategy

The Charm of Minister Zarif

Author: Elliott Abrams
Weekly Standard

In article for The Weekly Standard, Elliott Abrams discusses the dangers that may result when diplomats become more concerned about their personal relationships with charming colleagues than about the nature of the regimes those colleagues (such as Iranian foreign minister Zarif) represent.

See more in Iran; United States; Diplomacy and Statecraft

The Abe Factor

Author: Sheila A. Smith
Georgetown Journal of International Affairs

CFR Senior Fellow for Japan Studies Sheila Smith analyzes Japan’s new foreign security policy led by Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo and its impact on Japan’s regional diplomacy.


See more in Japan; Regional Security; Defense Strategy