In evaluating Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s first ninety days in office, CFR’s Steven Cook writes that Erdogan has become so power-hungry that he is expanding the powers of the presidency that ever before. As Erdogan makes himself indispensable to all areas of Turkish politics, the more he is rolling back democracy.
Authors: Steven A. Cook, Jacob Stokes, and Alexander Brock Foreign Policy
As the United States attempts to disentangle itself from the Middle East, the many conflicts between its regional allies are intensifying, writes CFR’s Steven Cook with Jacob Stokes and Alexander Brock. As the Saudis, Emiratis, Qataris, Turks, and Egyptians engage in proxy wars and instigate conflict among themselves, they threaten to draw the United States deeper into the complexities of the region.
Recent academic studies are using new sources and methodologies to push past moral arguments about homosexuality to show that forms of structural stigma — antigay cultural norms and laws that target sexual minorities — may have widespread, systemic effects on society that aren't always apparent at first glance. These studies show that homophobia may significantly stunt economic growth, and may even be harmful to your health.
A SARS-like disease called Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) that kills a third of those it infects is suddenly, and mysteriously, surging inside Saudi Arabia. Laurie Garrett examines some of the possible causes and analyzes what steps need to be taken to prevent a global outbreak.
Janine Davidson argues that the "China-centric" debate surrounding the U.S. rebalance to Asia misses the policy's broader point. For the U.S. military, the objective is sustained multilateral engagement – not mass deployments of combat-ready troops.
Orbit space debris threatens U.S. space assets and assured access to the domain. Micah Zenko argues that the United States has a unique obligation to prevent or mitigate the consequences of dangerous space incidents, which are the primary cause of space debris, because it relies heavily on space and has unmatched space situational awareness.
In mid-February, the United States government's long-standing position that it does not opine on sovereignty disputes in the East and South China Seas was given an important and long-implicit caveat: Washington does insist that all sovereignty claims accord with international law, and as has long been stated, these cannot rely on coercion.
Matt Waxman shows that congressional influence operates more robustly—and in different ways—than usually supposed in legal debates about war powers to shape strategic decision-making. In turn, these mechanisms of congressional influence can enhance the potency of threatened force.
Votes are still being counted in Afghanistan's presidential election, but preliminary results suggest that no candidate won a majority. If these results hold up and no backroom deals are cooked up between Afghan politicians, a runoff poll will follow and the victor will not likely be declared until late summer. That timeline is making U.S. and NATO military planners very nervous.
In the U.S. foreign policy and national security communities there is a severe underrepresentation of women, as well as minorities, non-Americans, younger analysts and scholars, and others, due in large part to the gatekeepers of institutions and media, argues Micah Zenko. He provides four factors to keep in mind when determining the causes of and identifying solutions to this problem.
Drawing on her experience as a member of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force, Janine Davidson argues that deep cuts to active Air Force personnel without commensurate increases in reserve unit capacity will result in the loss of valuable training investment and institutional knowledge.
The appearance of mid-level Al Qaeda planners in Syria may represent efforts by Al Qaeda to shift its organization away from its current networked organization back to the more lethal structure it had before September 11, 2001.
Rates of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries are increasing faster than in wealthier countries. The Independent Task Force outlines a plan for collective action on this growing epidemic.
The authors argue that the United States has responded inadequately to the rise of Chinese power and recommend placing less strategic emphasis on the goal of integrating China into the international system and more on balancing China's rise.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »
Now Available: Foreign Policy Begins at Home
The biggest threat to America's security and prosperity comes not from abroad but from within, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass in his provocative new book. More