Articles

Academic articles by CFR fellows and experts.

The Foreign Policy Consequences of Trade: China’s Commercial Relations with Africa and Latin America, 1992--2006

Authors: Sarah Kreps and Gustavo A. Flores-Macias
Journal of Politics

No strings attached? Even if not part of a purposeful plan on the part of China, its growing trade ties with countries in Africa and Latin America has important foreign policy consequences, according to Sarah Kreps and Gustavo A. Flores-Macias. The article shows that in the last two decades, the more these countries have traded with China, the more likely they were to align with it in international forums such as the UN.

See more in China; Global; Trade

Egypt’s Financial High Noon

Author: Isobel Coleman
Foreign Policy

Isobel Coleman writes that while it is widely recognized that food and fuel subsidies in Egypt are expensive and inefficient, Egyptian leaders do not want to touch the political third rail of subsidy reform. But they also realize that the country's fiscal situation is untenable without it. Sooner or later, serious subsidy reform is inevitable, and a well-planned process is preferable to the alternative.

See more in Egypt; Economic Development

Pakistan's Nuclear Past as Prologue

Author: Frank G. Klotz
Frank Klotz explores the role of history in the Pakistani nuclear program and the challenges for the future in his review of Feroz Hassan Khan's recently released Eating Grass: The Making of the Pakistani Bomb.

See more in Proliferation; Pakistan

Challenges to Women’s Security in the MENA Region

Author: Isobel Coleman
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

In response to systemic sexual assaults on women in Egypt, activists have initiated well-organized campaigns to protect women's right to participate in the political sphere and to move in public spaces without fear for their personal safety. Isobel Coleman warns that politically motivated violence against women has still not crested.

See more in Middle East and North Africa; Women