Various reports from CFR, posted at the discretion of CFR's president and director of studies.
As tobacco reemerges as a contentious issue in trade policy, CFR Senior Fellow Thomas Bollyky argues that the Obama administration can better balance U.S. mandates on tobacco trade policy with its interests in promoting global health and U.S. standing abroad.
See more in United States; Trade; Asia and Pacific; Diseases, Noncommunicable
The nuclear nonproliferation regime has had difficulty dealing with noncompliance and preventing the illicit use of dual-use materials. A strengthened Proliferation Security Initiative can help prevent proliferation and mobilize international action.
See more in Proliferation; Treaties and Agreements
Emma Belcher recommends the establishment of a nuclear security fund. Contributions from the private sector could build nuclear security capacity worldwide.
See more in Weapons of Mass Destruction; Terrorism; Global
CFR Senior Fellow Paul B. Stares offers crisis preparedness solutions to help the Obama administration reduce its chances of being blindsided by future uprisings, as it was by the Arab Spring.
See more in Middle East and North Africa; Preparedness
CFR Senior Fellow Daniel Markey argues that the United States should move quickly to convert the post–bin Laden crisis in U.S.-Pakistan relations into an opportunity for significant and positive reform of Pakistan's security and intelligence services.
See more in Pakistan; Politics and Strategy; United States
Investment in voluntary international family planning is one of the most cost-effective ways to strengthen critical U.S. foreign policy objectives, including improving global health, promoting economic development, stabilizing fragile states, and encouraging environmental sustainability.
See more in Maternal and Child Health; Health Policy and Initiatives; Global
Family planning and reproductive health programs improve public health and foster stability and economic growth. Dr. Koki Agarwal, director of the MCHIP Program at Jhpiego, argues that such investments are necessary for the success of U.S. foreign policy goals in countries with high population growth.
See more in Maternal and Child Health; Economic Development; Global
Current global population growth rates and consumption patterns are not environmentally sustainable. Integrated population and environment approaches would allow governments to effectively address these at both a macro and micro level.
See more in Maternal and Child Health; Global; Environmental Policy
U.S. foreign aid will be more effective if increased investments are made in reproductive health and family planning programs in high-population-growth countries. These cost-effective programs help reduce the stress that rapid population growth places on a country's economic, environmental, and social resources.
See more in Maternal and Child Health; Foreign Aid; Global
One of the greatest challenges facing the poorest developing countries is the urgent need for comprehensive, integrated reproductive health services. If unanswered, this challenge will jeopardize poverty reduction measures and threaten their long-term economic growth prospects.
See more in Women; Global; Maternal and Child Health; Economic Development
Eight years of U.S. attempts to promote a lasting peace for Darfur have failed. The United States should narrow its objectives, focusing on reducing violence and supporting tribal reconciliation.
See more in Peacekeeping; Sudan
China's policy of holding down the value of its currency and monetary easing in the United States have led to large capital inflows into emerging economies. Although consensus in emerging markets has formed around capital controls, Francis E. Warnock challenges their underlying assumptions.
See more in International Finance; Monetary Policy; Global
Many low-paying jobs have moved from the United States to rapidly growing markets abroad, and higher-paying jobs may soon follow. While Americans benefit from cheaper goods, employment opportunities have diminished. Policymakers should address this trade-off as a first step toward tackling questions of inequality and economic distribution.
See more in Labor; United States; Industrial Policy
CFR Senior Fellow Michael Levi reviews possible states of the Iranian nuclear program, evaluating the range of policy outcomes in order to better guide decisions on strategy.
See more in Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament; Iran
High and volatile energy prices have driven the regulation of commodity financial markets to the forefront of the U.S. and G20 policy agendas. Integrated commodity markets require international policy coordination, but not all domestic and international policy initiatives are equally desirable.
See more in Economics; Oil; Global
This study examines low-carbon technology innovation and absorption in China, India, and Brazil. It recommends a course for U.S. policy that promotes accelerated innovation and adoption of new technologies while protecting U.S. commercial interests.
See more in India; Brazil; Energy Policy; Innovation
This second installment of the Capital Flows Quarterly series investigates two factors that could substantially alter the long-run value of the U.S. dollar: the dollar's reserve status and the sustainability of U.S. international debt.
See more in United States; Budget, Debt, and Deficits; Monetary Policy
This essay analyzes recent political and economic trends in Europe, as European Union member states--and Germany in particular--deprioritize the goal of integration.
See more in EU; Politics and Strategy
This essay examines the state of the European Union post-eurozone crisis, and assesses the European Union's prospects as a model for regional integration efforts around the globe.
See more in EU; Financial Crises
This essay assesses the causes and consequences of the renationalization of politics in the European Union.
See more in EU; Politics and Strategy