Policy Innovation Memoranda

Policy Innovation Memoranda target critical global problems where new, creative thinking is needed. Written for policymakers and opinion leaders, these brief memos aim to contribute to the foreign policy debate by providing succinct background, rigorous analysis, and specific recommendations.

Making the New Revolutions in Biology Safe

Author: Laurie Garrett

Two new revolutions in biologygain-of-function research and synthetic biologyare forcing policymakers to rethink current national and international surveillance and regulatory systems, and any resolution will require international buy-in since the threat entails all living organisms.

See more in Global; Health

Ending Gaza’s Isolation

Author: Robert Danin

U.S. policy of isolating Gaza is counterproductive and inadvertently helps entrench the terrorist group Hamas' control. The Obama administration should instead encourage trade and contacts between the West Bank and Gazan people to reestablish national institutions and elections, thereby empowering Palestinian partners for peace.

See more in Palestine; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights

Author: Robert A. Pastor

In looking abroad to promote economic growth, Robert Pastor argues the United States need not go further than its two closest neighbors, Canada and Mexico. Leaders of the three countries can build off of NAFTA to create a more seamless market by negotiating a common external tariff, eliminating restrictions on transportation and services, funding new continental infrastructure, and fostering a sense of community among North Americans.

See more in Americas; Competitiveness

Support Process Over Personalities in Pakistan

Author: Daniel S. Markey

Intervening in Pakistani elections is a losing proposition, CFR Senior Fellow Daniel Markey argues. If pro-American leaders win, they will be tainted by association; if their opponents win, the United States will have alienated potential partners.

See more in Pakistan; Elections

A Global Trust for Rule of Law

Author: Mark P. Lagon

Weak rule of law in the developing world deprives countless people of legal rights and economic opportunity. Bridging the public, private, and nonprofit sectors, a global trust could build developing nations' capacity to implement the rule of law, improving human rights and economic outcomes at little cost.

See more in Global; Rule of Law

Authors: Terrence G. Wiley, Sarah Catherine Moore, and Margaret S. Fee

Facing a global economic challenge, the United States should build a multilingual workforce prepared to thrive in today's world market, which would require a national initiative to improve foreign language education.

See more in United States; Education

Author: Thomas J. Bollyky

In an era of global supply chains, the United States should pursue regulatory integration on a regional basis. A new White House initiative provides the opportunity to implement this strategy.

See more in Trade; Global

Beating the Resource Curse: Global Governance Strategies for Democracy and Economic Development

Author: Terra Lawson-Remer

Emerging economies taking advantage of mineral and petroleum wealth often face corruption and conflict rather than benefit from sustainable development. This resource curse can be obviated, CFR Fellow Terra Lawson-Remer argues, if capital-exporting countries, banks, and corporations insist on transparency.

See more in Environmental Policy; Minerals and Rare Earth Elements; Global

A Strategy for the U.S.-Japan Alliance

Author: Sheila A. Smith

CFR Senior Fellow Sheila A. Smith argues that the time has come for Japan and the United States to set priorities for military missions, formalize mechanisms for crisis management coordination, and work toward a long-term basing strategy that consolidates U.S. and Japanese facilities.

See more in Japan