Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

Department of Defense: Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap, 2014

The 2014 Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap details how climate change affects the Department of Defense's operations, how the department will adapt to and mitigate climate change threats, and how the department will coordinate with other entities addressing climate change. The Department of Defense first listed climate change as a threat to national security in its 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review.

See more in United States; Climate Change; Preparedness

Interim Report on the Revision of the U.S.-Japan Guidelines for Defense Cooperation

During a 2+2 meeting in October 2013, Japanese and U.S. defense ministers called for the revision of the 1997 Guidelines for U.S.-Japan Defense Cooperation. On October 8, 2014, they released an interim report on the revisions and a final version is expected by the end of the 2014. This revision is part of the Obama Administration's strategy to rebalance to Asia.

See more in Japan; United States; Defense Strategy

U.S.-India Joint Statement

U.S. President Barack Obama and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi held their first bilateral summit in Washington, DC, on September 30, 2014. They endorsed a "Vision Statement for the Strategic Partnership" that covers multiple sectors and discussed the U.S. rebalance to Asia and India's "Act East" policy.

See more in India; United States; Grand Strategy

Security and Defense Cooperation Agreement Between the Afghanistan and the United States

On September 30, 2014, the United States and Afghanistan signed a bilateral security agreement, which allows some American and NATO troops to remain in Afghanistan after December 31, when the the international combat mission formally ends. These remaining troops's main focus is training the Afghan security forces. The previous version of this agreement stalled after disagreements on troop levels. See also the Center for Naval Analyses (CNA)'s Independent Assessment of the Afghan National Security Forces.

See more in Afghanistan; United States; Military Operations

UN Security Council Resolution 2178 on Threats to International Peace and Security Caused by Terrorist Acts

On September 24, 2014, all fifteen UN Security Council member states passed a resolution, that prevents suspected foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) from traveling to member states and creates legislation to prosecute FTFs. The resolution defines foreign terrorist fighters as "individuals who travel to a State other than their States of residence or nationality for the purpose of the perpetration, planning, or preparation of, or participation in, terrorist acts or the providing or receiving of terrorist training, including in connection with armed conflict."

See more in Global; Havens for Terrorism; Counterterrorism

Remarks By Ambassador Froman on the Strategic Importance of Trans-Pacific Partnership

Author: Michael B.G. Froman

U.S. Trade Representative Ambassador Michael Froman spoke on September 18, 2014, at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and Center for Strategic and International Studies Symposium. He discussed the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) as a major component of the Obama administration's trade platform and of the rebalance to Asia.

See more in United States; Asia and Pacific; Trade; Grand Strategy

White House Fact Sheet: U.S. Response to the Ebola Epidemic in West Africa

President Barack Obama spoke with health experts at the Center for Disease Control on September 16, 2014, and the White House relased this fact sheet to outline U.S. actions to combat Ebola in West Africa and to contain its spread, including sending health workers, military forces, and medical supplies, funding vaccine development, and supporting public service announcements and education about the disease.

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Public Health Threats and Pandemics

Final Communique from International Conference on Peace and Security in Iraq

The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs hosted delegations from twenty-six countries to support Iraq in its efforts to eliminate the terrorist group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The final communique, released September 15, 2014, acknowledged the newly formed government in Iraq and agreed to provide military assistance and to implementing UN Security Council resolutions regarding violations of human rights, recruitment and radicalization of terrorists, and terrorist financing.

See more in Iraq; Terrorist Organizations and Networks; Counterterrorism

African Union Decision on the Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak

In August 2014, African Union (AU) established the AU Support to Ebola Outbreak in West-Africa (ASEOWA) mission to send health personnel from Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, and Ethiopia to effected countries in West Africa. The African Union Executive Council released an official decision about AU reponse to the Ebola epidemic on September 9, 2014, and the first deployment of volunteers will go to Liberia, followed by a deployment to Sierra Leone.

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Public Health Threats and Pandemics

Wales Summit Declaration

This document was issued on September 5, 2014, after a summit with NATO leaders which addressed the instability in Europe between Russia and the Ukraine and the threat of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The declaration includes increased sanctions against Russia and a rapid-reaction force based in Eastern Europe to act against moves from the Russian military.

See more in Russian Federation; NATO; Ukraine

Remarks by Médecins Sans Frontières International President at UN Special Briefing on Ebola

Dr. Joanne Liu, International President of Médecins Sans Frontières, spoke at UN Special Briefing on Ebola on September 2, 2014. Dr. Liu lists priorities as "scaling up isolation centers; deploying mobile laboratories to improve diagnostic capabilities; establishing dedicated air bridges to move personnel and equipment to and within West Africa; and building a regional network of field hospitals to treat suspected or infected medical personnel."

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Public Health Threats and Pandemics