Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

Statement by European Commission President Juncker: "A New Start for Europe: My Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change"

On July 15, 2014, European Commission Presidential Candidate Jean-Claude Juncker outlined his plan for the next European Commission and his ten priorities. After he was elected, he gave an opening statement to the European Parliament in Strasbourg on October 22, 2014, discussing his choices for officials that would form his College and work on implementing his plan. On September 9, 2015, President Juncker delivered his State of the Union speech and an update on the status of the priorities.

See more in EU; Grand Strategy

UN General Assembly 2015: Select Speeches

The seventieth session of the United Nations General Assembly was held September 28 through October 3, 2015. U.S. President Barack Obama, Chinese President Xi Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, and Cuban President Raúl Castro Ruz were among the speakers of the September 28 session and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko spoke on September 29. Speeches discussed the conflict in Syria, the terrorism of the self-proclaimed Islamic State, economic development, and territorial disputes.

See more in Global; Regional Security; Economic Development

UN General Assembly: Declaration of Leaders' Summit on Peacekeeping

On September 28, 2015, the UN Peacekeeping Summit met during the UN General Assembly. U.S. President Barack Obama spoke and announced new presidential guidance to expand U.S. support in UN peacekeeping. The summit also affirmed the recommendations of the High Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations from September 11, 2015, which includes addressing sexual abuse of civilians by peacekeeping personnel.

See more in Global; Peacekeeping

European Agenda on Migration

On May 13, 2015, the European Commission outlined its agenda on migration, in response to the influx of migrants from Ukraine, the Middle East, Asia, and North Africa who were seeking asylum in Europe. Implementation packages were released May 27 and September 9, with details on refugees distribution, funds for countries receiving and settling refugees, and search and rescue operations for traveling refugees.

See more in EU; Migration; Refugees and the Displaced

Remarks by European Commission President Juncker on the State of the Union

On September 9, 2015, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker spoke about issues the European Union is facing, including the influx of refugees, the relationships of Greece and of Britain to the EU, the conflict in Ukraine, and climate change. He released updates for the European Agenda on Migration and for the ten priorities of the European Commission (first outlined in 2014).

See more in EU; Eurozone; Grand Strategy

Speech by South Korean President Park on the Seventieth Anniversary of Liberation

South Korean President Park Geun-hye spoke on August 15, 2015, marking the anniversary of Japan's surrender during World World II. President Park discussed the development of the South Korean economy and relations with North Korea and with Japan. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe gave a speech on the end of World War II the previous day. See's timeline, "Last Days of Imperial Japan" for background information.

See more in South Korea; Japan; History and Theory of International Relations; Sovereignty

Remarks by President Obama to the People of Africa

President Barack Obama spoke at the African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa on July 28, 2015. He discussed the ten year renewal of the African Growth and Opportunity Act and additional reforms and other assistance the United States and African leaders work on to increase trade, investment, and growth on the continent. He also addressed the need for presidents to respect term limits and transfer power peacefully and for nations to provide equal treatment for women and girls.

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); United States; Emerging Markets; Economic Development

UN Group of Governmental Experts: Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security

The United Nations Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) released this consensus report (A/70/172) on rules of behavior in cyberspace, particularly during peacetime. The report recommends that nations should not use information and communication technologies to attack critical infrastructure or interrupt the information systems of emergency services.

See more in Global; Internet Policy

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran's Nuclear Program

In July 2015, foreign ministers from China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States (E3/EU+3) met with the foreign minister of Iran in Vienna to negotiate the text of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), developed in April 2015. On July 14, the foreign ministers agreed to the plan, which involves limitations on Iran’s nuclear program and lifting of some United Nations Security Council and other multilateral and national sanctions on Iran related to its nuclear program. The JCPOA includes a main text and annexes on nuclear, sanctions, civil nuclear energy cooperation, a joint commission, and implementation.

See more in Iran; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Euro Summit on Greece Statement

Leaders of euro member states held a special Euro Summit on Greece. On July 12, 2015, the leaders "agreed in principle that they are ready to start negotiations on an ESM [European Stability Mechanism] financial assistance programme for Greece."

See more in EU; Greece; Eurozone