Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

Federal Communications Commission Open Internet Order

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted on February 26, 2015, on rules governing regulation of U.S. broadband networks. The FCC published rules (FCC 15-24) regulating this order on March 12, 2015. The rules ban the ability of broadband companies to prioritize traffic from sources that pay more and reclassify broadband as a telecommunications service, subject to regulation under Title II of the Communications Act. The FCC news release states that the rules are focused on making networks "fast, fair, and open."

See more in United States; Internet Policy; Digital Infrastructure

Statement by the Vice President on the March 9 Letter From Republican Senators to the Islamic Republic of Iran

Author: Joseph R. Biden Jr.

Vice President Joseph Biden wrote a response to the May 9, 2015 letter from Republican Senators to Iran, which stated that Congress had to approve international agreements related to Iran's nuclear program. Vice President Biden responded that international negotiations and diplomacy often take place outside of congressional approval.

See more in Iran; United States; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Executive Order on Venezuela

President Barack Obama issued an Executive Order on March 9, 2015, which includes targeted sanctions of individuals who have violated the Venezuela Defense of Human Rights and Civil Society Act of 2014.

See more in Venezuela; Sanctions

U.S. Senate: Open Letter to the Leaders of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Forty-seven U.S. Senate Republicans signed an open letter to leaders in Iran about the U.S. participation in P5+1 talks on Iran's nuclear program. The letter states that any agreement reached must be approved by Congress and that Congress can overturn any agreement reached after President Obama leaves office. Vice President Joseph Biden responded with a statement about the nature of international agreements and Congress's role.

See more in Iran; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; United States

Remarks by the President at the 50th Anniversary of the Selma to Montgomery Marches

President Barack Obama gave these remarks on March 7, 2015, at an event commemorating the protest march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. He discussed the history of civil rights protests, the passing of the Voting Rights Act, and progress and ongoing challenges in the fight for equal rights and opportunity in the United States.

See more in United States; Human Rights; Political Movements and Protests

Remarks by Secretary Kerry at the Human Rights Council

Author: John Kerry

U.S. Secretary of State Kerry gave remarks at the twenty-eighth session of the Human Rights Council (HRC) on March 2, 2015. He discussed human rights issues around the world and the number of resolutions regarding Israel's human rights record.

See more in Global; Human Rights

U.S. State Department: U.S. Export Policy for Military Unmanned Aerial Systems

On February 17, 2015, the State Department released the U.S. policy designed to govern the international sale, transfer, and use of U.S.-origin military and commercial Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), also called drones. Related regulation on U.S. military transfers include the U.S. Conventional Arms Transfer Policy, Arms Export Control Act, and the Foreign Assistance Act.

See more in United States; Drones; Arms Industries and Trade

Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements

Leaders from Germany, France, Russia, and Ukraine met in Belarus to negotiate a ceasefire between Ukrainian troops and separatists. The ceasefire takes effect February 15, 2015, and outlines the withdrawl of heavy weapons and constitutional reform to provide more automony to groups in the Donetsk and Luhansk, regions in eastern Ukraine.

See more in Ukraine; Russian Federation; Peacekeeping; Separatist Movements

Obama Administration: National Security Strategy

The Obama Administration released its first National Security Strategy on May 27, 2010, and the second on February 6, 2015. The National Security Strategy is required by the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act and explains the administration's security issues and the strategies for addressing them. All strategies from 1987 are available on the National Security Strategy Archive

See more in United States; Grand Strategy; Defense Strategy

UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan: Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict

The Human Rights Unit of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) prepares mid-year reports on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in Afghanistan, as mandated by United Nations Security Council Resolution 2096 (2013), which "recognizes the importance of ongoing monitoring and reporting to the United Nations Security Council on the situation of civilians in Afghanistan's armed conflict and in particular on civilian casualties."

See more in Afghanistan; Conflict Assessment; Human Rights

Remarks by President Castro at the Third Community of Latin American and Caribbean States Summit

Cuban President Raul Castro Ruz spoke at the Third Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Spanish: Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños, or CELAC) Summit on January 28, 2015. He discussed how CELAC countries have supported each other through economic, security, and political agreements. President Castro also laid out the conditions he wants as Cuba and the United States reestablish diplomatic relations.

See more in Cuba; Sanctions; United States; Regional Security