Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

Open Government Directive

The Obama administration implemented an initiative to "take specific actions to implement the principles of transparency, participation, and collaboration," which include publishing more government data online, improving the quality of government document, encouraging a culture of openness and enabling a framework for open policy.

See more in United States; Organization of Government; Technology and Science

Remarks by Japanese Prime Minister Abe at the Shangri-La Dialogue

Author: Shinzo Abe

Japanese Prime Minster Shinzo Abe gave the keynote address to the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on May 30, 2014. He spoke about resolving maritime disputes in the South and East China Seas, strengthening ASEAN and international defense forces, and making military budgets transparent. The conference is organized by International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

See more in Asia and Pacific; Regional Security; Rule of Law

Remarks on Foreign Policy by President Obama

On May 28, 2014, at West Point Academy's graduation ceremony, President Obama discussed his vision for the future of the U.S. military and U.S. leadership in the world, regarding protection of the United States from immediate threats, counterterrorism efforts, transparency, multilateral action, and international law. On May 29, 2014, National Public Radio (NPR) interviewed President Obama about the speech and his foreign policy agenda, particularly on Syria, Ukraine, China, and Guantanamo Bay prison.

See more in United States; Defense Strategy; Grand Strategy

President Obama's and Secretary Kerry's Remarks on Afghanistan

President Barack Obama and Secretary of State John Kerry gave statements on May 27, 2014, on the U.S. strategy in Afghanistan after 2014. They outline the number of staff and troops that will be involved in upholding security commitments and assisting in political and economic transitions. President Obama also spoke on May 28, 2014, at the graduation ceremony at the West Point Academy, to discuss how Afghanistan fits into the broader military strategy.

See more in Afghanistan; Nation Building; Wars and Warfare

Press Briefing by Rear Admiral Kirby on Secretary Hagel's Middle East Trip and U.S. Response to Kidnappings in Nigeria

On May 09, 2014, Press Secretary Rear Admiral John Kirby previewed Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel's travel to Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Israel. Rear Admiral Kirby also provided details on U.S. participation in a coordination cell in Nigeria, to help Nigerian authorities analyze intelligence regarding Boko Haram's kidnapping of school girls.

See more in Middle East and North Africa; Nigeria; Intelligence

Global Change Research Act

The Global Change Research Act was mandated by Congress in 1990 to develop and coordinate "a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change." Every four years, the National Climate Assessment (also called Climate Change Impacts in the United States) reports scientific consensus on how climate change affects the United States, produced by experts from U.S. government science agencies and from several major universities and research institutes.

See more in United States; Climate Change

Remarks by President Obama and Chancellor of Germany Merkel

President of the United States Barack Obama and Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel held a press conference on May 2, 2014. They discussed the situation in Ukraine, potential additional sanctions against Russia, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), and negotiations on rules for intelligence collection.

See more in Germany; United States; Sanctions

White House: Big Data - Seizing Opportunities, Preserving Values

In January 2014, President Obama commissioned a report on big data and privacy in the United States. Counselor to the President John Podesta, Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker, Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology John Holdren, and Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Jeff Zients presented their report on May 1, 2014.

See more in United States; Technology and Science