The United Nations Security Council approved this resolution on December 18, 2015. The document provides a timeline for a ceasefire and a Syrian-led political transition. It also discusses how the UN will monitor political negotiations, provide humanitarian assistance, and fight terrorist groups in the region.
The second World Internet Conference (WIC) was held in Wuzhen, China, from December 16-18, 2015. The theme for the conference was "An Interconnected World Shared and Governed by All: Building a Community of Common Future in Cyberspace" and conference leaders proposed the Wuzhen Initiative as a continuation of the work of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).
UN General Assembly Resolution 56/183 in December 2001 endorsed the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), which encourages global discussions on how to benefit from the digital revolution while addressing the digital divide. The International Telecommunication Union hosted two phases in Geneva from December 10 to 12, 2003, and in Tunis from November 16 to 18, 2005. From February 25 to 27, 2013, WSIS participants met in Paris to evaluate progress and goals. In December 2015, the UN produced a draft resolution on the outcome of the WSIS from the past ten years and renewed the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) for another ten years.
World Trade Organization (WTO) particpants created the the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) in December 1996, which eliminated tariffs on specific technology product exports. From 2012 to 2015, WTO participants negotiated how to expand the ITA to cover additional technologies.
This report was released on December 17, 2015. The report reviews how the United Nations responded to allegations of peacekeepers sexually abusing children in the Central African Republic in the spring of 2014.
Global leaders including the United States participated in the Paris Climate Change Conference (also called Conference of the Parties 21, or COP21), which took place November 30 to December 11, 2015. They extended negotiations one day and 195 nations adopted the Paris Agreement (FCCC/CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1). According to the UN's press release, the agreement's "main aim is to keep a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius and to drive efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels."
During November 14-22, 2015, President Barack Obama traveled to Turkey for the G20 summit, to the Phillipines for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meeting, and to Malaysia for the East Asian and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) summits. After the summits, the White House released a fact sheet about the Obama Administration's rebalance or pivot to Asia.
G20 country leaders met in Antalya, Turkey from November 15-16 2015. The 2015 agenda for the global economy included "Strengthening the Global Recovery and Lifting Potential"; "Enhancing Resilience"; and "Buttressing Sustainability."
Secretary of State John Kerry spoke at Old Dominion University on November 11, 2015, to discuss the intersection of national security and climate change and other issues leaders would negotiate in Paris for the United Nations Conference on Climate Change, November 30 to December 12, 2015.
President Barack Obama announced the State Department's reasons for rejecting the Keystone XL pipeline, which would have transported Canadian crude oil through the United States to the Gulf of Mexico for exportation.
The Treasury Department released this document,a side agreement of the Trans-Pacific Partnership. For the first time in the context of a free trade agreement, participating countries adopted a declaration that "addresses unfair currency practices by promoting transparency and accountability."
Daniel R. Russel, assistant secretary at the State Department's Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, spoke at The Asia Society in New York City on November 4, 2015. He discussed the Obama administration's "rebalance to Asia," which includes the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and developments in the region, such as maritime disputes and diplomatic meetings between leaders from China, Japan, and South Korea.
On October 4, 2015, the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations concluded, which included ministers from Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, United States, and Vietnam. The full text of the report was released a month later, on November 4, 2015.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, and South Korean President Park Geun-hye met in Seoul on November 1, 2015, for the Sixth Trilateral Summit, the first since 2012. The trilateral talks were proposed by South Korea in 2004 as a meeting outside of ASEAN to build cooperation on economic, humanitarian, security, and diplomatic issues. The first summit was held in Japan in 2008.
This bill would require websites and technology firms to share user information with the government if the government wants the information to response to a cyber threat. Critics of the bill say it is similar to Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (CISPA), which did not pass the Senate two years ago.
U.S. Chief Negotiator Dan Mullaney and EU Chief Negotiator Ignacio Garcia Bercero held a conference call to report on their discussions at the Miami Round of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) Negotiations.
Secretary of State John Kerry wrote an op-ed on Medium, "U.S. Foreign Policy in a Changing World," which discusses four areas where he sees global cooperation working: trade agreements, climate change negotiations, nuclear negotiations, and counterterrorism efforts. This op-ed is a summary of his speech at Indiana University.
President Obama and President Park spoke at a joint press conference on October 16, 2015. They discussed North Korea's nuclear activities, trade initiatives such as the Korea-United States U.S-ROK Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) and the Trans Pacific Partnership, and U.S.-Korean cooperation in issues such as climate change and global health.
India now matters to U.S. interests in virtually every dimension. This Independent Task Force report assesses the current situation in India and the U.S.-India relationship, and suggests a new model for partnership with a rising India.
Rates of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries are increasing faster than in wealthier countries. The report outlines a plan for collective action on this growing epidemic.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2015 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »
Now Available: Foreign Policy Begins at Home
The biggest threat to America's security and prosperity comes not from abroad but from within, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass in his provocative new book. More