On November 26, 2014, the European Union adopted guidelines for search engines to use when deciding whether to remove, upon request, specific articles from search results for a person's name, in accordance with EU data privacy laws. These privacy laws are also referred to as "the right to be forgotten," for citizens to request that searches for their names not surface particular results.
In December 20, 2013, the Department of Defense was tasked with reporting improvements on the prevention and response to sexual assault in the military. It released its report on November 25, 2014. NY Senator Karen Gillibrand responded, saying data from the study that indicated that sixty-three percent of victims report being retaliated against for coming forward about their assault.
Department of Homeland Security released this review of executive actions that President Obama could take for reforming the U.S. immigration system. President Obama outlined executive actions he will take in a speech on immigration on November 20, 2014.
President Barack Obama spoke on November 20, 2014, to explain executive actions he will take address reforms in the U.S. immigration system. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Legal Council, and Council of Economic Advisors released analysis and recommendations for these reforms.
G20 leaders met in Queensland November 15 and 16, 2014. Leaders agreed to aim for a two percent increase in the G20 GDP, to fund an infrastructure knowledge sharing network, to address climate change with energy efficiency goals, and to combat tax evasion and corruption.
President Obama and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma met on November 14, 2014, in Daw Suu's home. They answered questions about Burmese elections set to take place in 2015, press freedom, and expectations for democractic transition and rule of law and human rights in the country, particuarly concerning the Rohingya, a Muslim ethnic minority in Myanmar.
U.S. President Obama and Chinese President Xi met on the sidelines of the 2014 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting on November 12, 2014. They discussed regional trade and security initiatives such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Asian Security Concept and the U.S.-China Joint Announcement on Climate Change. Questions from the press included China's impressions of the Obama Administration's "pivot" to Asia and human rights issues associated with the Hong Kong protests, Occupy Central. The fact sheet detailed additional agreements, including nuclear nonproliferation efforts, military-to-military confidence building measures, visa reform, and Ebola responses.
U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping met on the sidelines of the 2014 meeting of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and released a climate change agreement on November 11, 2014. The agreement includes each country's goals for cutting carbon emissions. In 2013, the two countries also signed an agreement to reducing hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), emissions that deplete ozone layers.
In July 2012, the European Union requested that the European Commission study the future of RPAS in Europe and how to integrate civil and commerical remotely-piloted aircraft systems (RPAS, a type of unmanned aircraft system, also called drones) into the European Aviation System and to prepare regulation for implementation by 2016. This report, written by experts from Trilateral Research & Consulting and Vrije Universiteit Brussel for the European Commission, provides independent analysis on privacy concerns associated with civil use of drones and was released November 7, 2014.
The Quarterly Reports by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) to the United States Congress are required by Section 1229 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) of Fiscal Year 2008. Click on months below to view reports, beginning with the first in October 2008.
On October 28, 2014, Nobel Peace Prize Winners addressed a letter to President Obama, asking him to disclose U.S. torture practices, as detailed in the CIA 2012 torture report, to close sites where torture was performed, and to end the practice in the United States.
United States Trade Representative Michael Froman and EU trade ministers met in Rome on October 14, 2014 to discuss the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP). Ambassar Froman addressed criticisms about the agreement regarding regulations and transparency.
The 2014 Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap details how climate change affects the Department of Defense's operations, how the department will adapt to and mitigate climate change threats, and how the department will coordinate with other entities addressing climate change. The Department of Defense first listed climate change as a threat to national security in its 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review.
During a 2+2 meeting in October 2013, Japanese and U.S. defense ministers called for the revision of the 1997 Guidelines for U.S.-Japan Defense Cooperation. On October 8, 2014, they released an interim report on the revisions and a final version is expected by the end of the 2014. This revision is part of the Obama Administration's strategy to rebalance to Asia.
Kazakh Foreign Minister Erlan Idrissov spoke on October 6, 2014, at an event on "CICA Day." Minister Idrissov supported the idea the "new Asian Security Concept" (proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping at the Fourth CICA Summit) and described how CICA will implement its Confidence Building Measures.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry spoke at the thirtieth anniversary fo the U.S.-ASEAN Business Council. He discussed the U.S. rebalance to Asia, the State Department's economic efforts, and the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
The foreward of this U.S. Department of Defense document states, "This report to Congress is submitted consistent with Section 1230 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181). It includes a description of the comprehensive strategy of the United States for security and stability in Afghanistan. This report is the first in a series of reports required every 180 days through fiscal year 2010." See also the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) Quarterly Report to Congress.
Rates of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries are increasing faster than in wealthier countries. The Independent Task Force outlines a plan for collective action on this growing epidemic.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Koblentz argues that the United States should work with other nuclear-armed states to manage threats to nuclear stability in the near term and establish processes for multilateral arms control efforts over the longer term.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »
Now Available: Foreign Policy Begins at Home
The biggest threat to America's security and prosperity comes not from abroad but from within, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass in his provocative new book. More