Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

World Summit on the Information Society Statements

UN General Assembly Resolution 56/183 in December 2001 endorsed the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), which encourages global discussions on how to benefit from the digital revolution while addressing the digital divide. The International Telecommunication Union hosted two phases in Geneva from December 10 to 12, 2003, and in Tunis from November 16 to 18, 2005. From February 25 to 27, 2013, WSIS participants met in Paris to evaluate progress and goals. In December 2015, the UN produced a draft resolution on the outcome of the WSIS from the past ten years and renewed the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) for another ten years.

See more in Global; Digital Infrastructure; Internet Policy

Paris Agreement

Global leaders including the United States participated in the Paris Climate Change Conference (also called Conference of the Parties 21, or COP21), which took place November 30 to December 11, 2015. They extended negotiations one day and 195 nations adopted the Paris Agreement (FCCC/CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1). According to the UN's press release, the agreement's "main aim is to keep a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius and to drive efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels."

See more in Global; Climate Change

White House Fact Sheet: Advancing the Rebalance to Asia and the Pacific

During November 14-22, 2015, President Barack Obama traveled to Turkey for the G20 summit, to the Phillipines for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meeting, and to Malaysia for the East Asian and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) summits. After the summits, the White House released a fact sheet about the Obama Administration's rebalance or pivot to Asia.

See more in United States; Asia and Pacific; Grand Strategy

Remarks by Assistant Secretary Russel: U.S.-Asia Policy Update

Daniel R. Russel, assistant secretary at the State Department's Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, spoke at The Asia Society in New York City on November 4, 2015. He discussed the Obama administration's "rebalance to Asia," which includes the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and developments in the region, such as maritime disputes and diplomatic meetings between leaders from China, Japan, and South Korea.

See more in United States; Asia and Pacific; Grand Strategy; Territorial Disputes

Trans-Pacific Partnership

On October 4, 2015, the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations concluded, which included ministers from Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, United States, and Vietnam. The full text of the report was released a month later, on November 4, 2015.

See more in United States; Asia and Pacific; Trade

Joint Declaration for Peace and Cooperation in Northeast Asia

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, and South Korean President Park Geun-hye met in Seoul on November 1, 2015, for the Sixth Trilateral Summit, the first since 2012. The trilateral talks were proposed by South Korea in 2004 as a meeting outside of ASEAN to build cooperation on economic, humanitarian, security, and diplomatic issues. The first summit was held in Japan in 2008.

See more in Asia and Pacific; Regional Security; Emerging Markets

Op-ed by Secretary Kerry: U.S. Foreign Policy in a Changing World

Author: John F. Kerry

Secretary of State John Kerry wrote an op-ed on Medium, "U.S. Foreign Policy in a Changing World," which discusses four areas where he sees global cooperation working: trade agreements, climate change negotiations, nuclear negotiations, and counterterrorism efforts. This op-ed is a summary of his speech at Indiana University.

See more in Global; United States; Grand Strategy; Diplomacy and Statecraft