The sixth summit of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) countries met in Fortaleza, Brazil, on July 15, 2014. The theme of discussions was "Inclusive Growth: Sustainable Solutions" and the declaration detailed progress in establishing the BRICS's New Development Bank, which was first discussed in the 2013 Durban Joint Statement.
Senior administration officials updated the press regarding negotations between the P5+1 (United States, United Kingdom, France, China, Russia, and Germany) and Iran on nuclear nonproliferation, held July 2-20, 2014. The discussions are a continuation of deal reached in November 2013, which provided sanctions relief to Iran in exchange for limiting its nuclear activities by July 20, 2014.
President George W. Bush and President Hu Jintao initiated the U.S.-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) in 2006, where leaders from both nations meet twice a year to seek opportunities for bilateral cooperation. From 2009, President Barack Obama continued this series as the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED), though on an annual basis and with separate "tracks," the Treasury Department leading the Economic Track and State Department leading the Strategic track. The sessions conclude with a jointly-produced "Fact Sheet" detailing the agreements reached at that round of the SED.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe spoke before the Australian Parliament on July 8, 2014. He discussed Japan's actions in World War II, the Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement and other Pacific partnerships, and Japan's future contributions to global defense operations.
This U.S. Court of Appeal's Second Circuit ruled that this redacted version of a 2010 Justice Department memo, which "signed off on the effort to target Anwar Al-Awlaki, an American citizen deemed a terrorist, for killing without a trial," had to be released, in response to FOIA requests filed by the New York Times and the American Civil Liberties Union.
From 1991 to 1992, the Japanese government conducted research about the trafficking of sex slaves (known as "comfort women") in Japan during World War II. The study established the Asian Women's Fund, which worked in Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, and Indonesia to redress victims. On June 20, 2014, more details were released about information exchanged between Japan and South Korea during the study and about Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono's statement which acknowledged the involvement of the Japanese military in establishing "comfort stations."
The first Department of Homeland Security quadrennial review in 2010 explained the U.S. government's definition and vison of homeland security and established mission areas and objectives. The second quadrennial review in 2014 discussed strategies to collaborate and prioritize in light of known risks.
Katie Couric of Yahoo! News interviews Secretary of State John Kerry about the situation in Iraq regarding the terrorist organization Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and potential U.S. actions and partnerships with the United Nations and Iran in combating terrorism in the region. They briefly discuss the State Department's oceans conference.
President Barack Obama held a press conference on June 13, 2014, to provide an update on the situation in Iraq regarding the actions of the terrorist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and U.S. security assistance to the Iraq military.
Group of Seven (G7), which includes leaders from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission, met in Brussels on June 4-5, 2014. They released a declaration on commitments to energy security and climate, economy and development and several foreign policy issues, such as the political transition in Ukraine and Russia's actions in the country.
U.S. President Barack Obama and UK Prime Minister David Cameron held a press conference on June 5, 2014, after the G7 meeting in Brussels. They discussed relations with Ukraine and Russia and the United Kingdom's relationship with the European Union.
Mandated by the FY2000 National Defense Authorization Act, the Department of Defense's annual report to Congress discusses China's military and security strategies, technological advancements in its capabilities, military doctrine, and security issues in the Taiwan Strait.
The Obama administration implemented an initiative to "take specific actions to implement the principles of transparency, participation, and collaboration," which include publishing more government data online, improving the quality of government document, encouraging a culture of openness and enabling a framework for open policy.
Chinese Lieutenant General of the People's Liberation Army Wang Guanzhong spoke at the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on June 1, 2014. He outlined China's regional defense plans and responded to Japanese Prime Minister Abe's and U.S. Secretary of Defense Hagel's remarks about China's policies and actions in the region.
U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuch Hagel spoke at the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on May 31, 2014. He discussed resolving maritime disputes, building up regional architecture, and strengthening the U.S. military's partnerships with other defense forces. The conference is organized by International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
Chinese President Xi Jinping gave the keynote speech on May 21, 2014, at the Fourth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA). President Xi described his idea for a new Asian Security Concept, stating "it is for the people of Asia to run the affairs of Asia." On October 6, 2014, Kazakh Foreign Minister Erlan Idrissov described how CICA can implement security confidence building measures.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
The author examines Pakistan's complex role in U.S. foreign policy and advocates for a two-pronged approach that works to quarantine threats while integrating Pakistan into the broader U.S. agenda in Asia.
Learn more about CFRís mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »
Now Available: Foreign Policy Begins at Home
The biggest threat to America's security and prosperity comes not from abroad but from within, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass in his provocative new book. More