Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Position Paper on the Matter of Jurisdiction in the South China Sea Arbitration

In 2013, the Philippines appealed to the United Nation's Convention on the Law of the Sea in settling claims to territory in the South China Sea. On December 7, 2014, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs released the Chinese government's response, arguing that the Convention does not apply to the dispute in the South China Sea.

See more in China; Philippines; Territorial Disputes; Oceans

Guidelines on the Implementation of the European Union's Judgment on “Google Spain and Inc v. Agencia Espanola de Proteccion de Datos (AEPD) and Mario Costeja Gonzalez”

On November 26, 2014, the European Union adopted guidelines for search engines to use when deciding whether to remove, upon request, specific articles from search results for a person's name, in accordance with EU data privacy laws. These privacy laws are also referred to as "the right to be forgotten," for citizens to request that searches for their names not surface particular results.

See more in EU; Internet Policy; Privacy

Department of Defense: Report on Sexual Assault Prevention and Response

In December 20, 2013, the Department of Defense was tasked with reporting improvements on the prevention and response to sexual assault in the military. It released its report on November 25, 2014. NY Senator Karen Gillibrand responded, saying data from the study that indicated that sixty-three percent of victims report being retaliated against for coming forward about their assault.

See more in United States; Violence Against Women; Organization of Government

Remarks by the President on Immigration

President Barack Obama spoke on November 20, 2014, to explain executive actions he will take address reforms in the U.S. immigration system. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Legal Council, and Council of Economic Advisors released analysis and recommendations for these reforms.

See more in United States; Immigration

Joint Press Conference by President Obama and Daw Suu

Author: Aung San Suu Kyi

President Obama and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma met on November 14, 2014, in Daw Suu's home. They answered questions about Burmese elections set to take place in 2015, press freedom, and expectations for democractic transition and rule of law and human rights in the country, particuarly concerning the Rohingya, a Muslim ethnic minority in Myanmar.

See more in Burma/Myanmar; United States; Democratization; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity

Remarks by President Obama and President Xi in Joint Press Conference

U.S. President Obama and Chinese President Xi met on the sidelines of the 2014 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting on November 12, 2014. They discussed regional trade and security initiatives such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Asian Security Concept and the U.S.-China Joint Announcement on Climate Change. Questions from the press included China's impressions of the Obama Administration's "pivot" to Asia and human rights issues associated with the Hong Kong protests, Occupy Central. The fact sheet detailed additional agreements, including nuclear nonproliferation efforts, military-to-military confidence building measures, visa reform, and Ebola responses.

See more in United States; China; Grand Strategy

U.S.-China Joint Announcement on Climate Change

U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping met on the sidelines of the 2014 meeting of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and released a climate change agreement on November 11, 2014. The agreement includes each country's goals for cutting carbon emissions. In 2013, the two countries also signed an agreement to reducing hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), emissions that deplete ozone layers.

See more in United States; China; Climate Change; Pollution

Report for European Commission: Privacy, Data Protection and Ethical Risks in Civil RPAS Operations

In July 2012, the European Union requested that the European Commission study the future of RPAS in Europe and how to integrate civil and commerical remotely-piloted aircraft systems (RPAS, a type of unmanned aircraft system, also called drones) into the European Aviation System and to prepare regulation for implementation by 2016. This report, written by experts from Trilateral Research & Consulting and Vrije Universiteit Brussel for the European Commission, provides independent analysis on privacy concerns associated with civil use of drones and was released November 7, 2014.

See more in EU; Drones; Privacy