Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

African Union Decision on the Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak

In August 2014, African Union (AU) established the AU Support to Ebola Outbreak in West-Africa (ASEOWA) mission to send health personnel from Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, and Ethiopia to effected countries in West Africa. The African Union Executive Council released an official decision about AU reponse to the Ebola epidemic on September 9, 2014, and the first deployment of volunteers will go to Liberia, followed by a deployment to Sierra Leone.

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Public Health Threats and Pandemics

Wales Summit Declaration

This document was issued on September 5, 2014, after a summit with NATO leaders which addressed the instability in Europe between Russia and the Ukraine and the threat of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The declaration includes increased sanctions against Russia and a rapid-reaction force based in Eastern Europe to act against moves from the Russian military.

See more in Russian Federation; NATO; Ukraine

Remarks by Médecins Sans Frontières International President at UN Special Briefing on Ebola

Dr. Joanne Liu, International President of Médecins Sans Frontières, spoke at UN Special Briefing on Ebola on September 2, 2014. Dr. Liu lists priorities as "scaling up isolation centers; deploying mobile laboratories to improve diagnostic capabilities; establishing dedicated air bridges to move personnel and equipment to and within West Africa; and building a regional network of field hospitals to treat suspected or infected medical personnel."

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Public Health Threats and Pandemics

Department of the Interior Order 3335: Reaffirmation of the Federal Trust Responsibility to Federally Recognized Indian Tribes and Individual Indian Beneficiaries

On August 20, 2014, U.S. Department of the Interior Secretary Jewell issued an order regarding the department's responsibilities toward Native American tribes, including "supporting tribal sovereignty and self-determination; protecting tribal lands and resources; building partnerships; practicing responsiveness and timeliness; and seeking legal advice to ensure compliance with the trust responsibility." Secretarial Order 3335 is part of the Indian Trust Settlement, also known as the Cobell Settlement, which relates toa dispute about use of funds held in trust by the federal government for leasing Indian land for commercial uses.

See more in United States; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity; Treaties and Agreements

Remarks by Secretary Hagel at the Observer Research Foundation

On August 9. 2014, Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel spoke at the Observer Research Foundation in New Delhi about the U.S.-India cooperation and about U.S.-India military-to-military relations. Secretary Hagel discussed India's contributions to regional security and joint military exercises like MALABAR and economic partnerships such as the U.S.-India Defense Trade and Technology Initiative (DTTI).

See more in India; United States; Defense Strategy; Arms Industries and Trade

Documents on the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit and the 13th Annual AGOA Forum

During August 4-6, 2014, President Barack Obama convened the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit, the largest gathering of African heads of state and governments ever assembled by a U.S. President. Fifty-one leaders focused on sustainable development, trade, collaboration, investment, and America's commitment to Africa's security, its democratic development, and its people. The summit took place during the same time as the 13th Annual African Growth Opportunity Act Forum.

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); United States; Trade; Diplomacy and Statecraft

Background Briefing on P5+1 Negotiations, July 2014

Senior administration officials updated the press regarding negotations between the P5+1 (United States, United Kingdom, France, China, Russia, and Germany) and Iran on nuclear nonproliferation, held July 2-20, 2014. The discussions are a continuation of deal reached in November 2013, which provided sanctions relief to Iran in exchange for limiting its nuclear activities by July 20, 2014. P5+1 met again in November 2014 and agreed to extend the deadline for negotiations on Iran's nuclear program.

See more in Iran; United States; Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation

United States-China Strategic Economic Dialogue

President George W. Bush and President Hu Jintao initiated the U.S.-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) in 2006, where leaders from both nations meet twice a year to seek opportunities for bilateral cooperation. From 2009, President Barack Obama continued this series as the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED), though on an annual basis and with separate "tracks," the Treasury Department leading the Economic Track and State Department leading the Strategic track. The sessions conclude with a jointly-produced "Fact Sheet" detailing the agreements reached at that round of the SED.

See more in China; United States; Economics; Politics and Strategy