Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

Global Change Research Act

The Global Change Research Act was mandated by Congress in 1990 to develop and coordinate "a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change." Every four years, the National Climate Assessment (also called Climate Change Impacts in the United States) reports scientific consensus on how climate change affects the United States, produced by experts from U.S. government science agencies and from several major universities and research institutes.

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Remarks by President Obama and Chancellor of Germany Merkel

President of the United States Barack Obama and Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel held a press conference on May 2, 2014. They discussed the situation in Ukraine, potential additional sanctions against Russia, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), and negotiations on rules for intelligence collection.

See more in Germany; United States; Sanctions

White House: Big Data - Seizing Opportunities, Preserving Values

In January 2014, President Obama commissioned a report on big data and privacy in the United States. Counselor to the President John Podesta, Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker, Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology John Holdren, and Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Jeff Zients presented their report on May 1, 2014.

See more in United States; Technology and Science

Remarks by Incoming SPFUSA Chairman Blair: Operational Impacts of Japan's New Security Policy and Capabilities on the U.S.-Japan Alliance

Admiral Dennis Blair spoke at Japan's New Security Policy and Capabilities: Domestic Politics, International Views and Practical Implications, a conference held April 30, 2014, at the Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA (SPFUSA). Admiral Blair was appointed SPFUSA chair on May 1, 2014.

See more in Japan; United States; Treaties and Agreements; Defense Strategy

Remarks by President Obama and Japanese President Abe

President Obama and Japanese President Abe Shinzo held this press conference on April 24, 2014, and released several fact sheets on U.S.-Japan collaboration in the areas of security, stability and prosperity, technology, and energy. President Obama traveled to Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, and the Phillipines as part of his administration's rebalance to Asia, a policy to strengthen U.S. economic and political relations in the region.

See more in Japan; Grand Strategy; Trade

Press Conference with President Obama and President Park of the Republic of Korea

President Obama and South Korean President Park Geun-hye held a press conference on April 25, 2014. They released the Joint Fact Sheet on the U.S.-Korea Alliance, which discusses collaboration in peace and security; climate change and energy; international development; economics; and science, technology, and health. President Obama traveled to Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, and the Phillipines as part of his administration's rebalance to Asia, a policy to strengthen U.S. economic and political relations in the region.

See more in South Korea; Grand Strategy

NETmundial Multistakeholder Statement

Brazilian Internet Steering Committee and /1Net organized NETmundial: Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance, which was attended by ministerial representatives of Argentina, Brazil, France, Ghana, Germany, India, Indonesia, South Africa, South Korea, Tunisia, Turkey and United States of America, members of the European Commission, and members of the UN's International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Held April 23-24, 2014, the conference focused on creating principles of Internet governance to extend ICANN's work.

See more in Global; Internet Policy

Geneva Statement on Ukraine

Foreign ministers from the United States, the European Union, Ukraine, and Russia released a joint statement on April 17, 2014, outlining steps to reduce tensions in Ukraine after President Viktor Yanukovich was ousted and Russia annexed Crimea. The foreign ministers charge Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) with enforcing the agreement. Secretary of State John Kerry and EU High Representative Catherine Ashton held a press conference to discuss the agreement.

See more in Ukraine; Conflict Prevention

The Landon Lecture

On April 15, 2014, Thomas E. Donilon delivered the 165th Alf Landon Lecture at Kansas State University. He discusses why "America is not in decline but will continue to be the world's leading and most powerful nation for a long time to come."

See more in United States; Politics and Strategy

Secretary Hagel's Remarks at People's Liberation Army National Defense University

Secretary Chuck Hagel traveled to China and Japan as part of the Obama administration's rebalance to the Asia Pacific region. On April 8, 2014, he spoke at the PLA's National Defense University about military-to-military relations and took questions about the U.S. stance on East China Sea and South China Sea disputes, the status of Taiwan, and the rapid economic development in China.

See more in China; United States; Regional Security; Grand Strategy

Government of China's Policy Paper on the European Union

The government of China released its first policy paper on the European Union (EU) in October 2003, outlining potential areas of bilateral cooperation. In April 2014, China released an update on the relationship: "Deepen the China-EU Comprehensive Strategic Partnership for Mutual Benefit and Win-win Cooperation."

See more in EU; China; Grand Strategy

Report on Progress toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan

The foreward of this U.S. Department of Defense document states, "This report to Congress is submitted consistent with Section 1230 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181). It includes a description of the comprehensive strategy of the United States for security and stability in Afghanistan. This report is the first in a series of reports required every 180 days through fiscal year 2010." See also the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) Quarterly Report to Congress.

See more in Afghanistan; Nation Building