Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

Joint Statement on the Establishment of Marine Protected Areas

On October 16, 2013, the Foreign Ministers of Australia, France, New Zealand, the United States and The Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the European Union released a joint statement on establishing marine protected areas in Southern Ocean, in the Ross Sea Region and in East Antarctica, for scientific research and ocean conservation.

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Briefings on P5+1 Negotiations and Joint Statement, October 2013

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif met with the five permanant members of the Security Council (United States, Russia, China, United Kingdom, and France) and Germany to discuss nuclear proliferation in Iran, on October 15 and 16, 2013. Foreign Minister Zarif and EU High Representative Catherine Ashton released a joint statement on October 16.

See more in Iran; Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation

The United States and Russia's Joint Framework for the Elimination of Syrian Chemical Weapons

Authors: John F. Kerry and Sergey V. Lavrov

Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov developed a joint strategy to remove Syria's chemical weapons arsenal by "the first half of 2014." The agreement was reached on September 14, 2013, during the third day of their meeting in Geneva.


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Secretary Kerry's and Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov's Remarks on Syria, September 2013

Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov met in Geneva on September 12, 2013, to discuss the possibility of Syria handing over its chemical weapons to the international community. This approach was proposed as an alternative to a military strike as a response to the August 21 chemical weapons attack in Damascus.

See more in Syria; Weapons of Mass Destruction; Diplomacy and Statecraft

President Obama's Address to the Nation on Syria, September 2013

President Obama spoke to the American public on September 10, 2013, about the U.S. government's response to the Assad regime's use of chemical weapons. He requested Congress to delay its vote on the proposed military strike, in order to address Russia's proposal of Syria handing over chemical weapons to the international community.

See more in Syria; United States; Weapons of Mass Destruction; Treaties and Agreements