Primary Sources

Vital primary sources underpinning the foreign policy debate.

Open Government Directive

The Obama administration implemented an initiative to "take specific actions to implement the principles of transparency, participation, and collaboration," which include publishing more government data online, improving the quality of government document, encouraging a culture of openness and enabling a framework for open policy.

See more in United States; Organization of Government; Technology and Science

EU-Georgia Association Agreement

As part of the EU's Eastern Partnership, in June 2014, Georgia and the European Union signed this agreement, which includes a free trade area and EU's support in political reforms and in conflict resolution between Georgia and the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. In November 2014, Russia and Abkhazia signed a military agreement and Russia and South Ossetia are expected to sign a similar treaty on alliance and integration in February 2015.

See more in EU; Georgia; Trade; Diplomacy and Statecraft

International Criminal Court's Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes

The International Criminal Court (ICC) published this policy paper in June 2014 to provide guidance in prosecuting "various forms of sexual and gender-based crimes — including rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilisation, and other forms of sexual violence — as underlying acts of both crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in international and non-international armed conflicts."

See more in Global; Violence Against Women; Courts and Tribunals

Remarks by Chinese President Xi at the Fourth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia

Chinese President Xi Jinping gave the keynote speech on May 21, 2014, at the Fourth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA). President Xi described his idea for a new Asian Security Concept, stating "it is for the people of Asia to run the affairs of Asia." On October 6, 2014, Kazakh Foreign Minister Erlan Idrissov described how CICA can implement security confidence building measures.

See more in Asia and Pacific; Regional Security

Remarks by Japanese Prime Minister Abe at the Shangri-La Dialogue

Author: Shinzo Abe

Japanese Prime Minster Shinzo Abe gave the keynote address to the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on May 30, 2014. He spoke about resolving maritime disputes in the South and East China Seas, strengthening ASEAN and international defense forces, and making military budgets transparent. The conference is organized by International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

See more in Asia and Pacific; Regional Security; Rule of Law

Remarks on Foreign Policy by President Obama

On May 28, 2014, at West Point Academy's graduation ceremony, President Obama discussed his vision for the future of the U.S. military and U.S. leadership in the world, regarding protection of the United States from immediate threats, counterterrorism efforts, transparency, multilateral action, and international law. On May 29, 2014, National Public Radio (NPR) interviewed President Obama about the speech and his foreign policy agenda, particularly on Syria, Ukraine, China, and Guantanamo Bay prison.

See more in United States; Defense Strategy; Grand Strategy

President Obama's and Secretary Kerry's Remarks on Afghanistan

President Barack Obama and Secretary of State John Kerry gave statements on May 27, 2014, on the U.S. strategy in Afghanistan after 2014. They outline the number of staff and troops that will be involved in upholding security commitments and assisting in political and economic transitions. President Obama also spoke on May 28, 2014, at the graduation ceremony at the West Point Academy, to discuss how Afghanistan fits into the broader military strategy.

See more in Afghanistan; Nation Building; Wars and Warfare

Congressional Letter to FCC Chairman Demanding Net Neutrality

Congressional Representatives Raúl Grijalva and Keith Ellison sent a letter to Federal Communications Commission Chair Tom Wheeler, before a May 15, 2014 FCC meeting to propose new Internet speed and pricing policies. The cosigners of the letter support preservation of Net Neutrality and equal access to the Internet, to prevent companies from paying higher fees to Internet service providers and in turn having their online content favored. The FCC voted on February 26, 2015, on rules governing regulation of U.S. broadband networks.

See more in United States; Internet Policy

Press Briefing by Rear Admiral Kirby on Secretary Hagel's Middle East Trip and U.S. Response to Kidnappings in Nigeria

On May 09, 2014, Press Secretary Rear Admiral John Kirby previewed Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel's travel to Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Israel. Rear Admiral Kirby also provided details on U.S. participation in a coordination cell in Nigeria, to help Nigerian authorities analyze intelligence regarding Boko Haram's kidnapping of school girls.

See more in Middle East and North Africa; Nigeria; Intelligence