Mandated by the FY2000 National Defense Authorization Act, the Department of Defense's annual report to Congress discusses China's military and security strategies, technological advancements in its capabilities, military doctrine, and security issues in the Taiwan Strait.
The Obama administration implemented an initiative to "take specific actions to implement the principles of transparency, participation, and collaboration," which include publishing more government data online, improving the quality of government document, encouraging a culture of openness and enabling a framework for open policy.
As part of the EU's Eastern Partnership, in June 2014, Georgia and the European Union signed this agreement, which includes a free trade area and EU's support in political reforms and in conflict resolution between Georgia and the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. In November 2014, Russia and Abkhazia signed a military agreement and Russia and South Ossetia are expected to sign a similar treaty on alliance and integration in February 2015.
Chinese Lieutenant General of the People's Liberation Army Wang Guanzhong spoke at the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on June 1, 2014. He outlined China's regional defense plans and responded to Japanese Prime Minister Abe's and U.S. Secretary of Defense Hagel's remarks about China's policies and actions in the region.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) published this policy paper in June 2014 to provide guidance in prosecuting "various forms of sexual and gender-based crimes — including rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilisation, and other forms of sexual violence — as underlying acts of both crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in international and non-international armed conflicts."
U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuch Hagel spoke at the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on May 31, 2014. He discussed resolving maritime disputes, building up regional architecture, and strengthening the U.S. military's partnerships with other defense forces. The conference is organized by International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
Chinese President Xi Jinping gave the keynote speech on May 21, 2014, at the Fourth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA). President Xi described his idea for a new Asian Security Concept, stating "it is for the people of Asia to run the affairs of Asia." On October 6, 2014, Kazakh Foreign Minister Erlan Idrissov described how CICA can implement security confidence building measures.
Japanese Prime Minster Shinzo Abe gave the keynote address to the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on May 30, 2014. He spoke about resolving maritime disputes in the South and East China Seas, strengthening ASEAN and international defense forces, and making military budgets transparent. The conference is organized by International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
IMF Director Christine Lagarde gave the keynote speech at the Africa Rising conference in Mozambique on May 29, 2014. She discussed demographic, technological, and environmental challenges to growth, and policy priorities.
On May 28, 2014, at West Point Academy's graduation ceremony, President Obama discussed his vision for the future of the U.S. military and U.S. leadership in the world, regarding protection of the United States from immediate threats, counterterrorism efforts, transparency, multilateral action, and international law. On May 29, 2014, National Public Radio (NPR) interviewed President Obama about the speech and his foreign policy agenda, particularly on Syria, Ukraine, China, and Guantanamo Bay prison.
President Barack Obama and Secretary of State John Kerry gave statements on May 27, 2014, on the U.S. strategy in Afghanistan after 2014. They outline the number of staff and troops that will be involved in upholding security commitments and assisting in political and economic transitions. President Obama also spoke on May 28, 2014, at the graduation ceremony at the West Point Academy, to discuss how Afghanistan fits into the broader military strategy.
The U.S. Department of Justice announced the indictment of five Chinese military hackers on May 19, 2014. Wang Dong, Sun Kailiang, Wen Xinyu, Huang Zhenyu, and Gu Chunhui were charged with computer hacking, economic espionage and other offenses directed at Americans in the nuclear power, metals, and solar products industries.
On May 17, 2014, heads of state from Benin, Cameroon, Chad, France, Niger, and Nigeria and representatives of the European Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States discussed how to combat the Nigerian terrorist group Boko Haram, which abducted more than 200 school children.
Congressional Representatives Raúl Grijalva and Keith Ellison sent a letter to Federal Communications Commission Chair Tom Wheeler, before a May 15, 2014 FCC meeting to propose new Internet speed and pricing policies. The cosigners of the letter support preservation of Net Neutrality and equal access to the Internet, to prevent companies from paying higher fees to Internet service providers and in turn having their online content favored. The FCC voted on February 26, 2015, on rules governing regulation of U.S. broadband networks.
On May 09, 2014, Press Secretary Rear Admiral John Kirby previewed Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel's travel to Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Israel. Rear Admiral Kirby also provided details on U.S. participation in a coordination cell in Nigeria, to help Nigerian authorities analyze intelligence regarding Boko Haram's kidnapping of school girls.
Rates of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries are increasing faster than in wealthier countries. The Independent Task Force outlines a plan for collective action on this growing epidemic.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Koblentz argues that the United States should work with other nuclear-armed states to manage threats to nuclear stability in the near term and establish processes for multilateral arms control efforts over the longer term.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »
Now Available: Foreign Policy Begins at Home
The biggest threat to America's security and prosperity comes not from abroad but from within, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass in his provocative new book. More