Testimony by CFR fellows and experts before Congress.

Words Have Consequences

Author: Elliott Abrams

Before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies Elliott Abrams argued that incitement by Palestinian leaders and media—not poverty and hopelessness—has been the motivating forces behind recent violence against Israel.

See more in Palestine; Israel; Territorial Disputes

Has Russia Gone Rogue?

Author: Stephen Sestanovich

In his Senate testimony before the Committee on Armed Services, CFR's George F. Kennan Senior Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies Stephen Sestanovich argued that the United States should challenge responsible Russians to see how strange their country's military policy in Syria looks to the outside world.

See more in Russian Federation; Syria; Military Operations

Iran and the New Middle East in the Aftermath of the Nuclear Agreement

Author: Ray Takeyh

In his testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee, Ray Takeyh argues that there is precedent for Congress turning down agreements until a better draft is negotiated as in the case of arms control deals between the United States and the Soviet Union. Given the role Congress plays in ensuring that the United States negotiates the best possible agreement, it should aim to do no less with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

See more in Iran; Weapons of Mass Destruction; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

On the Iran Nuclear Agreement and its Consequences

Author: Richard N. Haass

In his testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee, CFR President Richard N. Haass analyses the nuclear deal with Iran and suggests that any vote by Congress to approve the pact should be linked to legislation or a White House statement that makes clear what the United States would do if there were Iranian noncompliance, what would be intolerable in the way of Iran's long-term nuclear growth, and what the U.S. was prepared to do to counter Iranian threats to U.S. interests and friends in the region.

See more in Iran; Weapons of Mass Destruction; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Greece's Euro Future and U.S. Policy

Author: Robert Kahn

In his testimony before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations' Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation, Robert Kahn argues that although Greece's direct trade and financial links to the U.S. economy are small and there is less of a direct systemic threat to the United States than when the crisis began in 2009, the risks are still material.

See more in Greece; Eurozone; Financial Crises

Evaluating Key Components of a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran

Author: Ray Takeyh

In his testimony before the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Ray Takeyh argues that before the impending nuclear agreement with Iran places Tehran inches away from the bomb, the United States should insist on additional parameters to assure that the deal will be an advantageous one for the international community.

See more in Iran; Weapons of Mass Destruction; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

China's Future–and Our Own

Author: Jerome A. Cohen

In his testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, Jerome A. Cohen argues that China would benefit at home and abroad by demonstrating increasing respect rule of law, while the United States, by striving harder to set a good example, could do much to improve not only its own society but also its standing in China and the world.

See more in China; Defense Strategy; Economics

Political Polarization and Religious Extremism in Bangladesh

Author: Alyssa Ayres

In her testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, Alyssa Ayres argued that the United States has good policies in place to cooperate with Bangladesh, including training and technical cooperation, but given the fragile situation in Bangladesh, additional assistance is necessary to combat political polarization and religious extremism.



See more in Bangladesh; Radicalization and Extremism

The Unfinished Health Agenda in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Thomas J. Bollyky

In his testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health Policy, Thomas J. Bollyky argues that continued U.S. and private sector leadership on the unfinished health agenda in Africa is as important now as it has been in the past and for the same reasons: a peaceful, inclusive economy presupposes healthier, more productive lives.

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Health

Next Steps for U.S. Foreign Policy on Syria and Iraq

Author: Elliott Abrams

Before the House Foreign Affairs Committee's Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, CFR Senior Fellow Elliott Abrams details the United States' goals in Iraq and Syria: to alleviate the humanitarian and refugee crisis; to prevent an Iranian victory in Syria; and to strike devastating blows at the Islamic State.

See more in Iraq; Syria; Terrorism

Hamas’ Benefactors: A Network of Terror

Author: Steven A. Cook

The ties between American allies and Hamas—a terrorist organization—contribute to instability and violence, CFR Senior Fellow Steven A. Cook told the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittees on the Middle East and North Africa and Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade. Under political, financial, and military pressure from Israel, the United States, the Palestinian Authority, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, Hamas has found relief in support from Qatar and Turkey.

See more in Middle East and North Africa; Terrorist Organizations and Networks