Testimony by CFR fellows and experts before Congress.
The ties between American allies and Hamas—a terrorist organization—contribute to instability and violence, CFR Senior Fellow Steven A. Cook told the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittees on the Middle East and North Africa and Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade. Under political, financial, and military pressure from Israel, the United States, the Palestinian Authority, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, Hamas has found relief in support from Qatar and Turkey.
See more in Middle East and North Africa; Terrorist Organizations and Networks
In his testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, Stephen Biddle assesses the U.S. government's options for responding to the advances made by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Iraq.
See more in Iraq; Defense and Security
In his testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, Max Boot advocates for a prudent and limited deployment of American trainers, special operators, air controllers and intelligence agents to mobilize indigenous opposition to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
See more in Middle East and North Africa; Defense Strategy
In his testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Ray Takeyh argues that in order to successfully combat Iran's destabilizing influence in the Middle East, the United States must be an active player in Syria and Iraq and undertake a more systematic effort to contest all of Iran's regional assets.
See more in Iran; Regional Security
In his testimony before a subcommittee of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Mark P. Lagon argues that the United States must focus on two areas of concern in the global fight against human trafficking: demand and the empowerment of survivors.
See more in Global; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights
In his testimony before a subcommittee of the House Committee on Natural Resources, Mark P. Lagon argues that illicit fishing worldwide is rife with criminal activities, such as human and drug trafficking. He calls for a strong response from the United States in order to lessen its impact on disadvantaged and vulnerable people, global commerce, and the environment.
See more in Global; Human Trafficking
An effective strategy to engage China's health-care sector requires the U.S. government to continue promoting business opportunities for U.S. biopharmaceutical firms, hospital groups, and insurance companies, CFR Senior Fellow for Global Health Yanzhong Huang tells the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. In the meantime, it is also important for the U.S. government and companies to demonstrate the willingness to work with China in addressing health issues of their immediate concern.
See more in China; Health
In his testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Michael A. Levi argues that as the crisis in Ukraine continues and the United States seeks new leverage against Russia, the United States should allow energy exports but be modest about what they can accomplish.
See more in North America; Energy and Environment
In his testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations and Subcommittee on Europe, Eurasia, and Emerging Threats, Richard N. Haass discusses his role as the chair of the Panel of parties in the Northern Ireland Executive and the remit of forging consensus on the use of flags and emblems; the regulation of parades, commemorations, and attendant protests; and contending with the past.
See more in Ireland; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights
In her testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Sheila A. Smith discusses the strategic importance of the United States' relationship with Japan and South Korea and how President Barack Obama can promote the importance of both bilateral and trilateral relations.
See more in Asia and Pacific; Regional Security
In his testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Mark P. Lagon discusses illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, the Port States Measures Agreement, and human trafficking as it relates to fishing vessels and illegal fishing worldwide.
See more in Global; Global Governance
In his testimony before the House Committee on Homeland Security's Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, Steven A. Cook addresses the current state of Egypt, the situation in the Sinai Peninsula, its potential to affect American national security interests, and what the United States can do to help the Egyptians meet the challenges they confront.
See more in Egypt; Counterterrorism; Homeland Security
In his testimony before the House Committee on Financial Services' Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade, Benn Steil argues that changes in U.S. monetary policy can have significant impact on emerging-market capital inflows and outflows and that the resulting exchange rate movements against the dollar can have large and rapid effects on the level of inflation and exports.
See more in Global; Monetary Policy
In his testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs; Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa & Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, Stephen Biddle argues that short term success in Afghanistan is less important than the United States' ability to secure its long term interests beyond 2014.
See more in Afghanistan; Wars and Warfare
In his testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, CFR Senior Fellow Ray Takeyh discusses the perception of Iranian president Hassan Rouhani as a reformer or pragmatist, the role of the Supreme National Security Council, and the future of the Islamic Republic's nuclear program.
See more in Iran; Proliferation
In his testimony before the House Committee on Homeland Security, Stephen Biddle acknowledges that neither the case for nor against using force in Syria is without serious costs and risks. He evaluates the five main goals an attack might be designed to achieve: deterring further CW use and upholding norms against the employment of such weapons; preserving U.S. credibility; enabling a negotiated settlement to the war; toppling Assad and his government; and ending the humanitarian crisis by saving civilian lives.
See more in Syria; Homeland Security
In her testimony before the Senate Subcommmittee on Western Hemisphere and Global Narcotics Affairs, Shannon K. O'Neil discusses the United States' bilateral security relationship with Mexico and argues that a strong and safe Mexico will have positive benefits for the United States, while a dangerous Mexico will have repercussions far beyond the southern U.S. border.
See more in Mexico; United States; Regional Security
Ambassador Mark P. Lagon's testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Committee of Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations discussed the rankings of individual states in the annual Trafficking in Persons Report released by the State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (TIP office). Ambassador Lagon called on the advice of experts in the TIP office to be heeded and the report be reflective of the situation on the ground rather than be politically expedient.
See more in Global; Human Trafficking
In her testimony before the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Elizabeth C. Economy argues that Beijing has thus far been willing to ignore the people's demands for greater transparency, though the burden on both the environment and the Chinese leadership's legitimacy will only continue to grow.
See more in China; Food Security; Energy and Environment
In his testimony before the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Yanzhong Huang discusses China's recent public health crises. He focused on two areas: encouraging further government transparency and emboldening civil society to help enact policy changes.
See more in China; Public Health Threats and Pandemics