Testimony by CFR fellows and experts before Congress.

China’s Healthcare Sector and U.S.- China Health Cooperation

Author: Yanzhong Huang

In testimony before the United States-China Economic and Security Commission on April 27, 2016, Yanzhong Huang discussed China’s 13th Five Year Plan in the context of China’s healthcare system landscape, attempts at reform, and potential opportunities and challenges for collaboration between the United States and China in the healthcare sector.

See more in United States; China; Health Policy and Initiatives

ISIL as a Mass Movement

Author: Graeme Wood

In testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on April 12, 2016, Graeme Wood discussed the self-proclaimed Islamic State as a mass movement and laid out the reasons for reasonable versus unreasonable fear of the movement and its constituents’ intentions. Based on his interactions with the Islamic State’s supporters abroad, Wood recommended that future U.S. government policy responses toward the Islamic State take into account not only military and political factors, but also “countercultural, religious, and existential ones,” and that politicians remain simultaneously rational and empathetic for their constituents.

See more in United States; Middle East and North Africa; Terrorist Organizations and Networks; Counterterrorism

Objectives and Future Direction for Rebalance Economic Policies

Author: Elizabeth C. Economy

In testimony before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, Elizabeth Economy discussed the economic components of the “rebalance to Asia” and its prospects going forward. She recommended that the U.S. Congress ratify TPP, continue to support the Ex-Im Bank, and increase support for NGO operations across the Asia-Pacific in fields such as legal education and anti-corruption that help promote good economic governance. She also called for greater coordination between commercial diplomacy and strategic economic plans and greater support for the proposed U.S. New Silk Road initiative.

See more in China; United States; Economics

Economic Relations With India

Author: Alyssa Ayres

In testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, Alyssa Ayres recapped the trajectory of U.S.-India economic ties over the past decade and a half, and proposed ways to take the relationship forward.

See more in India; United States; Economics

Energy Prices and Crisis Risks

Author: Robert Kahn

Robert Kahn testified before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, describing the crisis risks generated by persistently low oil and gas prices. He argued that the risks are especially acute for energy exporters such as Venezuela and Nigeria, and that such countries need sizable policy adjustments in the immediate future.

See more in Americas; Global; Oil; Financial Crises

Opportunities for U.S. Engagement in Latin America

Author: Shannon K. O'Neil

Shannon K. O’Neil testified before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, laying out the largely positive trends in Latin America and the benefits for the United States of working more closely with countries in the region. She called for deepening integration with Mexico and Canada, and supporting the rise of homegrown anticorruption efforts throughout the region.

See more in Americas; Politics and Strategy

Egypt: Two Years After Morsi

Author: Steven A. Cook

Steven A. Cook testified before the House Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa and argued that although the coup d’état that brought General Abdel Fatah al-Sisi to power has not resulted in stability, prosperity, or democracy, Egypt is too important for the United States to walk away.

See more in Egypt; Diplomacy and Statecraft

Why a “Nuclear Deal” With Pakistan Is Not Realistic, Timely, or Wise

Author: Daniel S. Markey

Testifying before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Adjunct Senior Fellow for India, Pakistan, and South Asia Daniel S. Markey discussed the ramifications of a potential civil nuclear agreement with Pakistan. He concluded that pursuing a nuclear deal with Pakistan at this time is unrealistic, poorly timed, and unwise.

See more in Pakistan; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

How to Defeat the Islamic State

Author: Max Boot

Testifying before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Senior Fellow for National Security Studies Max Boot discussed current weaknesses of the U.S. position on Iraq and Syria, as well as what can be done to defeat the self-declared Islamic State in the wake of the November 13 terrorist attacks in Paris.

See more in Syria; France; Terrorism

Words Have Consequences

Author: Elliott Abrams

Before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies Elliott Abrams argued that incitement by Palestinian leaders and media—not poverty and hopelessness—has been the motivating forces behind recent violence against Israel.

See more in Palestine; Israel; Territorial Disputes

Has Russia Gone Rogue?

Author: Stephen Sestanovich

In his Senate testimony before the Committee on Armed Services, CFR's George F. Kennan Senior Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies Stephen Sestanovich argued that the United States should challenge responsible Russians to see how strange their country's military policy in Syria looks to the outside world.

See more in Russian Federation; Syria; Military Operations

Iran and the New Middle East in the Aftermath of the Nuclear Agreement

Author: Ray Takeyh

In his testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee, Ray Takeyh argues that there is precedent for Congress turning down agreements until a better draft is negotiated as in the case of arms control deals between the United States and the Soviet Union. Given the role Congress plays in ensuring that the United States negotiates the best possible agreement, it should aim to do no less with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

See more in Iran; Weapons of Mass Destruction; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

On the Iran Nuclear Agreement and its Consequences

Author: Richard N. Haass

In his testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee, CFR President Richard N. Haass analyses the nuclear deal with Iran and suggests that any vote by Congress to approve the pact should be linked to legislation or a White House statement that makes clear what the United States would do if there were Iranian noncompliance, what would be intolerable in the way of Iran's long-term nuclear growth, and what the U.S. was prepared to do to counter Iranian threats to U.S. interests and friends in the region.

See more in Iran; Weapons of Mass Destruction; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Greece's Euro Future and U.S. Policy

Author: Robert Kahn

In his testimony before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations' Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation, Robert Kahn argues that although Greece's direct trade and financial links to the U.S. economy are small and there is less of a direct systemic threat to the United States than when the crisis began in 2009, the risks are still material.

See more in Greece; Eurozone; Financial Crises