Testimony

Testimony by CFR fellows and experts before Congress.

Geopolitical Consequences of U.S. Natural Gas Exports

Author: Michael A. Levi

In his testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade, Michael A. Levi discusses the geopolitical consequences of a Department of Energy decision on liquid natural gas exports; the geopolitical consequences of exports themselves; and steps that the United States could take domestically to increase support for liquid natural gas exports.

See more in United States; Natural Gas

The Sources of Iranian Conduct

Author: Ray Takeyh

In his testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Middle East and North Africa, Ray Takeyh discusses Iran's political history and how it influences the Islamic Republic's commitment to its nuclear program and radical ties.

A Pakistani Strategic Shift?

Author: Daniel S. Markey

In his testimony before the House Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, and the Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, Daniel S. Markey describes evidence of a strategic shift by Pakistan that could lead to improved cooperation with the United States.

Safeguarding Israel’s Security in a Volatile Region

Author: Elliott Abrams

In his testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia, Elliott Abrams argues that continued military and intelligence cooperation between the U.S. and Israel, improved political relationships, and a strong American policy which ensures the development of stable democracies in Arab Spring nations is critical to Israel's security.

The Future of Special Operations Forces

Author: Linda Robinson

In her testimony before the House Committee on Armed Services Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities, Linda Robinson details how U.S. Special Operations Forces can be restructured to better confront global challenges.

See more in United States; Special Operations

Afghan National Security Forces: Resources, Strategy, and Timetable for Security Lead Transition

Author: Max Boot

In a testimony before the House Committee on Armed Services, Max Boot explains that the signing of a U.S.-Afghan Security Partnership Accord in April and the Chicago Summit Declaration in May alleviated some of the uncertainty about the post-2014 period—but only some. The nature and extent of that commitment remain opaque, and that in turn feeds anxiety in Afghanistan, contributes to capital flight, buoys the confidence of our enemies, and leads many Afghans to sit on the fence for fear of joining the losing side.

See more in Afghanistan

The Law of the Sea Convention

Author: John B. Bellinger III

In his testimony before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, John Bellinger argues that the Law of the Sea Convention is beneficial to the United States military, especially during a time of armed conflict, because it provides clear treaty-based navigational rights for our Navy, Coast Guard, and aircraft.

See more in Treaties and Agreements; United States

Sanctions: Strategy, Implementation and Enforcement

Author: Ray Takeyh

In his testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives, Ray Takeyh discusses the conflicting priorities of Iran's Supreme Leader. Khamenei needs America as an enemy and a robust nuclear infrastructure to legitimize his rule. Yet, these enmities only further erode his economy and potentially threaten his hold on power.

See more in Iran; Sanctions

Moving Forward on Visa Policy

Author: Edward Alden

In his testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives, Edward Alden argues that the United States needs a broader package of legislation that includes expanding the Visa Waiver Program and encourages more efficient visa security screening.

See more in United States; Immigration

NATO: Chicago and Beyond

Author: Charles A. Kupchan

Charles A. Kupchan testifies before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on the future of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and what's at stake in the upcoming Chicago summit.

See more in NATO; Global

China’s Global Quest for Resources and Implications for the United States

Author: Elizabeth C. Economy

China's search for food and land in Southeast Asia, Latin America, and Africa, reflects the country's pressing scarcity of water. China's approach has set off alarm bells in the region and the United States should work actively to address China's water security needs, argues Elizabeth Economy before the House U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission.

See more in China; Water Security