This Day in History

Archived Facts

1959

Nikita Khrushchev becomes the first Soviet head of state to visit the United States.

2001

Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for the first and only time in response to the September 11 attacks against the U.S.

1973

A coup in Chile headed by General Augusto Pinochet topples the democratically elected president Salvador Allende.

1993

Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) sign joint recognition statements for the first time.

1997

Sinn Fein, the Irish Republic’s Army’s political ally, formally renounces violence and joins talks on Northern Ireland’s future.

1954

The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is formed to prevent the spread of communism in Southeast Asia.

1983

President Ronald Reagan denounces the Soviet Union for shooting down Korean Airlines Flight 007 and demands reparations be paid for victims.

1975

The Sinai Interim Agreement is signed by Israel and Egypt, creating a UN-monitored buffer zone between the two states.

1954

The People’s Liberation Army shells the Republic of China-controlled islands of Quemoy, starting the First Taiwan Straight Crisis.

1996

Muslim rebels sign an agreement with the Philippine government ending twenty-six years of insurgency that caused 120,000 deaths.

1991

The Soviet parliament effectively dissolves the Communist Party.

1992

The UN Security Council passes a resolution to expand humanitarian aid to Somalia.

2008

Russia unilaterally recognizes the sovereignty of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, breakaway republics from Georgia.

1944

Paris is liberated after more than four years of Nazi occupation during World War II.

1922

Irish National Army commander-in-chief Michael Collins was assassinated in an ambush while en route through County Cork.

1968

Warsaw Pact troops, led by the Soviet Union, invade Czechoslovakia in answer to the Prague Spring.

1955

Anti-French riots break out in Algeria and Morocco, resulting in hundreds of deaths.

1934

Adolf Hitler gains absolute executive power as Führer through a plebiscite in Germany.