This Day in History

Archived Facts

1961

A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.

1940

Germany, Japan, and Italy sign the Tripartite Pact in Berlin, affirming their alliance.

1950

UN troops recapture the South Korean capital of Seoul from North Korean forces.

1932

Ibn Saud merges the kingdoms of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

1980

Iraq invades Iran, launching an eight-year war.

1949

Mao Zedong announces the Communist party will lead the Chinese government.

1984

A suicide bomber attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, killing 23 people and injuring more than 60 others.

1946

Sir Winston Churchill calls for the creation of the Council of Europe to promote human rights and protect democracy in Europe.

1970

King Hussein of Jordan declares martial law after four passenger planes are hijacked, leading to civil war.

1935

Nazi officials introduce the Nuremberg laws, depriving German Jews of citizenship.

1901

Vice President Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as President of the United States following the assassination of William McKinley.

1993

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat sign the first Oslo Accord, granting limited governance to Palestine.

1980

The Turkish National Security Council declares a coup d'état and arrests as many as 600,000 people

1948

Kim Il-sung establishes the Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea.

1978

A massacre by soldiers against protesters in Tehran marks a turning point in the Iranian Revolution.

2005

Egypt holds its first multiparty presidential election.

1966

South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd, known as the “architect of apartheid,” is stabbed to death during a parliamentary meeting by a messenger.

1969

Col. Muammar Gaddafi comes to power in Libya following a coup.