This Day in History

Archived Facts

1991

The leaders of Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine sign the Belavezha Accords, dissolving the Soviet Union.

1941

Japanese planes attack the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, spurring the U.S. entrance into World War II.

1998

Hugo Chavez is elected president of Venezuela for the first time.

1957

Indonesian President Sukarno expels forty-six thousand Dutch citizens as part of anti-colonial backlash.

1913

The Buenos Aires metro opens as the first underground rail system in the Southern Hemisphere.

1939

Soviet forces attack Finland, beginning the nearly five-month Winter War.

1950

North Korean and Chinese troops expel UN forces from North Korea, a turning point in the Korean War.

1943

British, Soviet, and U.S. leaders discuss World War II strategy at the Tehran Conference.

1971

The People’s Republic of China is admitted to the United Nations.

1990

Margaret Thatcher resigns as British prime minister and Conservative Party leader.

1962

China declares a unilateral cease-fire, leading to the end of the Sino-Indian War.

1993

Twenty-one political parties approve a new constitution ending white minority rule in South Africa.

1989

The Velvet Revolution begins in Czechoslovakia, spurring the collapse of the communist government.

1914

The U.S. Federal Reserve Bank opens for business.

1920

The first League of Nations assembly begins in Geneva.

1975

Spain cedes control of Western Sahara to Morocco and Mauritania.

1989

Germans begin to tear down the Berlin Wall after East Germany opens the border with West Berlin.

1921

Italy’s National Fascist Party is founded.