This Day in History

Archived Facts

1899

The first Hague Convention is signed, outlining a rudimentary chemical weapons ban.

1945

The U.S. Senate ratifies the UN Charter at President Harry Truman’s recommendation.

1953

The United States, China, and North Korea sign the Korean Armistice Agreement to end fighting in the Korean War.

1983

Riots spark an anti-Tamil pogrom in Sri Lanka that kills hundreds and thrusts the country into civil war.

1952

The European Coal and Steel Community enters into force, the precursor to the European Union.

2011

Anders Breivik kills seventy-seven in Norway.

1970

Construction of the Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.

1974

Turkey invades Cyprus, eventually dividing the island into two.

1976

Indonesia annexes East Timor, beginning a twenty-three-year occupation.

1945

The Trinity nuclear test marks the first detonation of a nuclear weapon.

1975

The U.S.-Soviet Apollo and Soyuz projects launch the final Apollo mission.

1958

Iraq’s Hashemite monarchy is overthrown in a military coup.

1878

The Treaty of Berlin is signed after the Russo-Turkish war, recognizing Balkan states as sovereign.

1991

Boris Yeltsin takes office as Russia’s first elected president.

2011

South Sudan becomes an independent state after seceding from Sudan.

1853

U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry arrives in Tokyo, where he helps to reopen Japan to the West.

2005

A series of suicide bomb attacks kill fifty-two in London.

1995

Serbia begins its attack on the Bosnian town of Srebrenica.