This Day in History

Archived Facts

1963

Kenya gains its independence from Britain.

1941

Germany and Italy declare war on the United States, bringing it into the European theater of World War II.

1948

The UN General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration on Human Rights.

1987

The first riots of the Palestinian intifada begin in the Gaza Strip.

1904

Theodore Roosevelt stakes out a new role for the United States as the policeman of the Americas.

1995

Sri Lankan forces drive Tamil Tiger guerrillas out of the provincial capital of Jaffna.

1992

President George H.W. Bush orders 28,000 U.S. troops to Somalia on a humanitarian mission.

1989

U.S. president Bush and Soviet premier Gorbachev signal the close of the Cold War at the Malta Summit.

1823

The United States cautions against European influence in the Western hemisphere with the Monroe Doctrine.

1947

The United Nations votes for the partition of Palestine.

1978

The militant Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) is founded in Turkey.

1949

India's constitution is adopted.

1986

President Reagan publicly addresses the Iran-Contra affair.

1963

President John F. Kennedy is assassinated by a gunman in Dallas.

1995

The Dayton Peace Agreement is initialed, bringing to an end the war in Bosnia.

1945

The Nuremberg war-crimes trials begin.

1919

The U.S. Senate votes to reject the Treaty of Versailles.

1903

The Panama Canal Zone is established under a treaty granting exclusive rights for the United States.

1985

The Anglo-Irish agreement is signed, giving Dublin some say in Northern Ireland's affairs.