This Day in History

Archived Facts

1944

The sixty-three-day Warsaw Uprising ends as Polish resistance fighters surrender to occupying Nazi forces.

1949

Communist leader Mao Zedong announces creation of the People’s Republic of China.

1966

Botswana gains independence from Great Britain.

1992

Brazilian lawmakers impeach President Fernando Collor de Mello on charges of corruption.

1924

Two U.S. Army planes land in Seattle, Washington, completing the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.

2005

The Irish Republican Army officially disarms seven years after signing the Good Friday Agreement.

1996

Seventy-one nations, including five recognized nuclear states, sign the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

1905

Norway and Sweden peacefully end the union between the two countries with the Karlstad Treaty.

1961

U.S. President John F. Kennedy signs legislation establishing the Peace Corps.

1962

Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko tells the UN General Assembly that the USSR is not giving Cuba offensive weapons.

1934

The League of Nations admits the Soviet Union.

1978

Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin sign the Camp David Accords.

1982

Hundreds of Palestinian refugees are killed in Beirut in what is later known as the Sabra and Shatila massacre.

1959

Nikita Kruschev becomes the first Soviet leader to visit the United States.

1960

Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia form OPEC.

1973

Chilean President Salvador Allende dies in a coup led by General Augusto Pinochet.

1981

Picasso’s Guernica is returned to Spain following the country's restoration of democracy.

2001

Afghan anti-Taliban leader Ahmed Shah Masoud is killed by assassins posing as journalists.

1945

U.S. troops land in Korea to begin postwar occupation of southern part of nation.