This Day in History

Archived Facts

1984

Indira Gandhi, prime minister of India, is assassinated in New Delhi.

1918

The Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Mudros, ending its participation in World War I and heralding its dissolution.

1956

Israel invades Egypt's Sinai Peninsula during the Suez crisis.

1971

The UN General Assembly votes to admit mainland China and expel Taiwan.

1945

The United Nations Charter enters into force.

1983

A truck bomb at a Marine compound in Beirut kills 241 U.S. service personnel.

1962

As the Cuban Missile Crisis intensifies, President John F. Kennedy announces a blockade of Cuba.

1988

Former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos is indicted on racketeering charges in New York.

2007

Former prime minister Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan after an eight-year exile.

1973

Arab members of OPEC enact an oil embargo that causes prices to quadruple.

1978

John Paul II becomes the first non-Italian to hold the papacy in over four centuries.

2003

China launches the Shenzhou 5, its first manned spacecraft.

1962

Pope John XXIII convenes the Second Vatican Council.

1938

Nazi Germany annexes the Sudetenland under the Munich Agreement.

1967

Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara is executed by Bolivian armed forces.

1982

The Polish parliament bans independent trade union Solidarity.

1981

The Egyptian parliament names Vice President Hosni Mubarak as the assassinated Anwar Sadat's successor.

1957

The Soviet Union launches Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite, signaling the start of the space race.