This Day in History

Archived Facts

1921

Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.

1969

The Nixon Doctrine is announced, indicating U.S. troop withdrawal from Vietnam.

1929

President Hoover announces the Treaty for the Renunciation of War, also known as Kellogg-Briand Pact.

1983

The twenty-six-year Sri Lankan civil war begins.

1942

The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.

1979

The Sandinistas overthrow the government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.

2006

King Jong-un is announced the official Supreme Leader of North Korea.

1948

South Korea's constitution is adopted.

1990

Ukraine declares independence from the Soviet Union.

1955

Eighteen Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons.

2006

Hezbollah attacks and invades Israel, leading to the 2006 war.

1995

Army units under Ratko Mladic massacre thousands of Bosnian Muslim prisoners in the town of Srebrenica.

1940

The Vichy government is established in France.

2011

South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.

1970

Richard Nixon delivers a congressional message enunciating Native American self-determination as official US Indian policy.

1974

The United States and USSR sign the Threshold Test Ban Treaty.

1976

The formal reunification of North and South Vietnam takes place.

1997

Hong Kong returns to Chinese sovereignty after 156 years of British rule.

1919

The Treaty of Versailles is signed, formally ending World War I.