This Day in History

Archived Facts

1997

Peruvian armed forces raid the Japanese embassy and release seventy-two people held hostage by the Tupac Amaru rebel group.

1999

Two teenagers launch a shooting spree at Columbine High School, the deadliest such attack in U.S. history.

1906

The Great San Francisco earthquake destroys a quarter of the city.

2013

Two bombs explode at the Boston Marathon, killing three and injuring 264 others.

1987

Portugal and China sign an official agreement to hand over Macau to China in 1999.

1961

U.S. Confederate forces begin firing on Fort Sumter, triggering the American Civil War.

1979

Tanzanian forces and Ugandan rebels overthrow Ugandan dictator Idi Amin, ending the Ugandan-Tanzanian War.

1990

Nepal’s King Birendra lifts a thirty-year ban on political parties, bringing an end to the absolute monarchy.

1980

The United States breaks diplomatic relations with Iran after more than sixty American diplomats are taken hostage.

1992

The Bosnian Serb Army besieges Sarajevo, and the Bosnian War erupts the following day.

1979

Iran is declared an Islamic republic after fifty-five years of rule under the Pahlavi dynasty.

1991

Soviet military commanders relinquish control over Warsaw Pact forces.

1981

John Hinckley, Jr., attempts to assassinate President Ronald Reagan in Washington, DC.

1974

NASA’s Mariner 10 probe becomes the first ever spacecraft to fly by Mercury.