This Day in History

Archived Facts

2003

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.

1968

North Korea captures the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship violated its territorial waters while spying.

1963

Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer sign the Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany.

1977

U.S. president Jimmy Carter issues an unconditional pardon to Vietnam War draft evaders.

1946

The UN Security Council holds its first session.

1991

Washington announces the start of Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.

1970

The state of Biafra surrenders after a thirty-two-month war for independence from Nigeria.

1953

Josip Broz Tito is sworn in as president of Yugoslavia.

1964

Hindu-Muslim riots break out in Calcutta, resulting in the deaths of 100 people.

1946

The first General Assembly of the United Nations convenes in London.

2005

Mahmoud Abbas wins the election for President of the Palestinian National Authority.

1953

U.S. president Harry Truman announces the development of the hydrogen bomb.

1941

President Franklin D. Roosevelt, making the case for U.S. involvement in World War II, speaks of four universal freedoms in the State of the Union.

1848

The House of Representatives denounces the Mexican-American War as "unnecessarily and unconstitutionally begun.”

1963

The Viet Cong wins its first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac.

1999

U.S. forces withdraw from the Panama Canal, completing its handover to Panamanian control.

1853

Nearly six years after the Mexican-American War, the Gadsden Purchase creates the present-day border between the two countries.

1945

Ratification of the Bretton Woods Agreements establishes the World Bank Group.

1941

Though many legislators are out of town, Winston Churchill addresses the U.S. Congress—the first British prime minister to do so.