This Day in History

Archived Facts

1919

President Woodrow Wilson has a debilitating stroke while advocating for U.S. ratification of the League of Nations.

1970

Five million mourners crowd the streets of Cairo to attend President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s funeral.

1938

Great Britain, France, Italy, and Nazi Germany sign agreement in Munich permitting German annexation of Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia.

1962

The Yemen Arab Republic is established, sparking a civil war.

1983

Soviet officer Stanislav Petrov, identifying reports of an incoming missile as a false alarm, averts nuclear war.

1972

The people of Norway reject membership in the European Community.

1914

The siege of Przemysl, the longest of World War I, begins as Russian forces move against Austria-Hungary.

1943

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is founded.

2001

U.S. president George W. Bush addresses a joint session of Congress and the American public, declaring a "war on terror."

2006

The Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok, declaring martial law.

1961

UN secretary-general Dag Hammarskjold dies in a plane crash en route to cease-fire negotiations.

1978

The Camp David Accords are signed by Israel and Egypt, earning Begin and Sadat the Nobel Peace Prize.

1955

The military coup to unseat President Juan Peron of Argentina is launched at midnight.

1989

Defying the state of emergency, over twenty thousand South Africans protest apartheid in the "last illegal march."

1990

A treaty signed in Moscow paves the way for a unified, sovereign Germany.

1973

Chilean armed forces bombard the presidential palace, overthrowing President Salvador Allende.

2008

The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, a scientific collaboration of twenty countries, is powered up in Geneva.

1993

Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization formally recognize one another.

1966

South African prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd, the architect of apartheid, is stabbed to death during a parliamentary meeting.