This Day in History

Archived Facts

1960

Chad gains independence from France.

2008

Georgian troops respond to South Ossetian separatist attacks, launching a five-day war with Russia.

1945

The Enola Gay drops the Little Boy atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

1963

The U.S., the U.K., and the U.S.S.R. sign the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty after years of difficult negotiation.

1991

The United States and the Soviet Union sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I).

1974

Greece, Turkey, and the United Kingdom agree to enlarge the role of UN peacekeepers in Cyprus.

1975

The Organization of American States votes to lift its mandatory collective embargo on Cuba.

2005

The Irish Republican Army renounces its armed campaign against British rule over Northern Ireland.

2005

The Irish Republican Army renounces its armed campaign against British rule over Northern Ireland.

1923

The Treaty of Lausanne establishes Turkey’s modern borders.

1952

Egypt’s Free Officers begin a military coup that ends the rule of King Farouk.

2002

Israel assassinates Hamas military commander Salah Shehadeh in an airstrike that kills thirteen Gaza City civilians.

1954

The Geneva Accords divide Vietnam along the seventeenth parallel.

1947

British troops intercept the Exodus 1947 on its way to Palestine and later return the Jewish refugees to Europe.

1945

A U.S. test of the atomic bomb code-named “Trinity” is the first-ever nuclear explosion.

1995

Bosnian Serbs force thousands of Muslims out of a UN protected zone as the Srebrenica massacre unfolds.

2007

Russian president Vladimir Putin suspends Russia’s implementation of the Conventional Forces in Europe arms-control pact.

1943

Allied forces invade Sicily, launching the Italian Campaign of World War II.