This Day in History

Archived Facts

1945

Photographer Joe Rosenthal captures the iconic image of U.S. Marines raising the flag in Iwo Jima.

1819

Spain agrees to cede Florida to the United States with the signing of the Florida Purchase Treaty.

2014

Seventy-six people die in clashes between the police and demonstrators during the Euromaidan protests in Ukraine.

1979

China invades Vietnam after weeks of military tension at the border.

1959

Fidel Castro is sworn in as Prime Minister of Cuba following the ouster of Fulgencio Batista.

1912

The last emperor of China, Pu Yi, abdicates the throne.

2006

North Korea's foreign ministry announces that the country possesses nuclear weapons.

1950

During a speech in Wheeling, WV, Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R–WI) claims he has a list of "known communists" who work in the U.S. State Dept.

1904

Japan attacks Russia-controlled Port Arthur, sparking the Russo-Japanese War.

1917

U.S. Congress passes the Immigration Act, banning immigrants from much of Asia and requiring a literacy test.

1969

Yasser Arafat is elected chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

1994

President Bill Clinton lifts the U.S. trade embargo against Vietnam.

1971

Idi Amin declares himself president of Uganda after seizing power in a coup.

1979

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after fifteen years of exile.

1979

President Jimmy Carter welcomes China's Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping to White House following establishment of diplomatic relations.

1986

The U.S. space shuttle Challenger explodes after takeoff, killing all seven crew members.

1973

Paris peace accords signed, ending Vietnam war.