This Day in History

Archived Facts

1932

Abd al Aziz ibn Abd ar-Rahman Al Saud creates the modern state of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and declares himself King.

1965

The UN calls for a ceasefire to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 over disputed Kashmir and the war ends.

2006

Thailandís military overthrows Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, adding to the countryís long history of military coups.

1947

Major provisions of the 1947 National Security Act, which created the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, and the Central Intelligence Agency, go into effect.

1978

The Camp David Accords are signed, establishing a historic peace between Israel and Egypt.

1963

Malaysia is formed from the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo (Sabah), and Sarawak. Singapore later withdraws.

1959

Nikita Khrushchev becomes the first Soviet head of state to visit the United States.

2001

Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for the first and only time in response to the September 11 attacks against the U.S.

1973

A coup in Chile headed by General Augusto Pinochet topples the democratically elected president Salvador Allende.

1993

Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) sign joint recognition statements for the first time.

1997

Sinn Fein, the Irish Republicís Armyís political ally, formally renounces violence and joins talks on Northern Irelandís future.

1954

The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is formed to prevent the spread of communism in Southeast Asia.

1983

President Ronald Reagan denounces the Soviet Union for shooting down Korean Airlines Flight 007 and demands reparations be paid for victims.

1975

The Sinai Interim Agreement is signed by Israel and Egypt, creating a UN-monitored buffer zone between the two states.

1954

The Peopleís Liberation Army shells the Republic of China-controlled islands of Quemoy, starting the First Taiwan Straight Crisis.

1996

Muslim rebels sign an agreement with the Philippine government ending twenty-six years of insurgency that caused 120,000 deaths.

1991

The Soviet parliament effectively dissolves the Communist Party.

1992

The UN Security Council passes a resolution to expand humanitarian aid to Somalia.