This Day in History

Archived Facts

1933

FDR outlines the New Deal during his inaugural address, which aims at bringing about economic recovery, relief to the unemployed, and reform to the financial system.

1938

Workers for Standard Oil of California strike oil in Saudi Arabia, marking the first major oil find in the Middle East.

1807

The U.S. Congress passes legislation prohibiting the importation of slaves, but not abolishing slavery.

1961

President John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.

1996

The Bosnian government declares that the four-year siege of the capital, Sarajevo, is over.

1993

A terrorist attack at the World Trade Center kills six people and injures more than a thousand.

1984

An explosion caused by a gas leak destroys a shantytown near São Paulo, Brazil, killing at least 500 people.

2008

Cuba's National Assembly elects Raul Castro as president.

1945

Photographer Joe Rosenthal captures the iconic image of U.S. Marines raising the flag in Iwo Jima.

1819

Spain agrees to cede Florida to the United States with the signing of the Florida Purchase Treaty.

2014

Seventy-six people die in clashes between the police and demonstrators during the Euromaidan protests in Ukraine.

1979

China invades Vietnam after weeks of military tension at the border.

1959

Fidel Castro is sworn in as Prime Minister of Cuba following the ouster of Fulgencio Batista.

1912

The last emperor of China, Pu Yi, abdicates the throne.

2006

North Korea's foreign ministry announces that the country possesses nuclear weapons.

1950

During a speech in Wheeling, WV, Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R–WI) claims he has a list of "known communists" who work in the U.S. State Dept.

1904

Japan attacks Russia-controlled Port Arthur, sparking the Russo-Japanese War.