This Day in History

Archived Facts

1980

The Turkish National Security Council declares a coup d'état and arrests as many as 600,000 people

1948

Kim Il-sung establishes the Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea.

1978

A massacre by soldiers against protesters in Tehran marks a turning point in the Iranian Revolution.

2005

Egypt holds its first multiparty presidential election.

1966

South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd, known as the “architect of apartheid,” is stabbed to death during a parliamentary meeting by a messenger.

1969

Col. Muammar Gaddafi comes to power in Libya following a coup.

1994

The Provisional IRA declares a cease-fire after nearly twenty-five years of violence in Northern Ireland.

1999

East Timor votes for independence from Indonesia in a UN-backed referendum.

2003

Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim, a senior Shia cleric in Iraq, is assassinated.

1920

The Nineteenth Amendment, granting U.S. women the right to vote, goes into effect.

1944

Allied forces liberate Paris after four years of Nazi occupation.

1990

Armenia declares independence from the Soviet Union.

1942

Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy after Axis submarines attack a Brazilian ship.

2003

A car bomb at UN headquarters in Baghdad kills special envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other UN employees.

1945

Sukarno becomes Indonesia’s first president a day after the country declares independence from the Netherlands.

1988

Pakistani President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan Arnold Raphel are killed in a plane crash over Pakistan’s Punjab province.

1999

Vladimir Putin becomes Prime Minister of Russia.

1947

Jawaharlal Nehru becomes India’s first Prime Minister after independence from 190 years of British rule.