This Day in History

Archived Facts

1980

The South Korean army completes crackdown on uprising in Gwangju, killing nearly six hundred people.

1970

The Tupolev Tu-144, the Soviet counterpart to the Concorde, becomes the first commercial aircraft to exceed Mach 2 cruising speed.

2000

Israel withdraws its troops from Lebanon after a twenty-two-year occupation.

2002

The United States and Russia sign the Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions, agreeing to reduce 80 percent of their nuclear arsenals.

1960

Israel announces the capture of former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.

1948

Lawmakers elect Chiang Kai-shek as president of the Republic of China.

1991

Amidst war, Croatia votes for independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

1974

India launches its first successful atomic test.

2007

A train crosses the border between North and South Korea for the first time in fifty-six years.

1966

Chinese leader Mao Zedong issues the May 16 Notification, marking the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.

1949

The Soviet Union lifts its eleven-month blockade of West Berlin.

1994

Nelson Mandela becomes the first post-apartheid president of South Africa.

1970

Around 100,000 demonstrators gather in front of the White House to demand the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Vietnam.

2010

The first mass protest breaks out in Greece over fiscal austerity measures.

1979

Margaret Thatcher becomes prime minister of the United Kingdom, the first woman to hold the post.

1947

Japan enacts a new constitution renouncing war as a sovereign right.