This Day in History

Archived Facts

1945

Delegates from fifty nations convene in San Francisco to establish the United Nations.

1916

Irish nationals begin a revolt against British rule in the Easter Rising.

1993

Eritrea votes for independence from Ethiopia.

1970

An estimated twenty million Americans observe the first Earth Day.

1993

Bolivia’s supreme court sentences former president Luis Garcia Meza to thirty years in prison for human rights violations.

1980

Zimbabwe gains independence.

1975

The Khmer Rouge captures Cambodia’s capital of Phnom Penh, ending the five-year civil war.

1961

The Bay of Pigs invasion begins with the aim of overthrowing Cuba’s Fidel Castro.

2002

A coup briefly topples Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez for forty-seven hours.

1919

Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is shot dead by government forces.

1991

Georgia declares independence from the Soviet Union

1994

The Rwandan genocide begins, resulting in mass killings of Tutsis and moderate Hutus.

1948

President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan, giving aid to European countries devastated by World War II.

1917

President Woodrow Wilson sends a request to Congress to declare war on Germany.

1979

A national referendum in Iran overwhelmingly votes for the country to become an Islamic Republic.

1964

A coup d’etat in Brazil, supported by the United States, overthrows President Joao Goulart, member of the Labour Party.

1959

China dissolves the Tibetan government, sending the Dalai Lama into exile.