This Day in History

Archived Facts

1942

Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy after Axis submarines attack a Brazilian ship.

2003

A car bomb at UN headquarters in Baghdad kills special envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other UN employees.

1945

Sukarno becomes Indonesia’s first president a day after the country declares independence from the Netherlands.

1988

Pakistani President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan Arnold Raphel are killed in a plane crash over Pakistan’s Punjab province.

1999

Vladimir Putin becomes Prime Minister of Russia.

1947

Jawaharlal Nehru becomes India’s first Prime Minister after independence from 190 years of British rule.

1992

Canada, Mexico, and the United States complete negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement.

2003

NATO assumes command of peacekeeping in Afghanistan, its first major operation outside of Europe.

1944

U.S. forces recapture Japanese-held Guam.

1945

The U.S. military drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki.

1974

President Richard Nixon announces his resignation amid Watergate scandal investigations.

1962

Nelson Mandela is arrested for inciting workers’ strikes and imprisoned for twenty-seven years.

1995

The Croatian Army launches Operation Storm, an assault that marked a turning point in Croatia’s war against Serb forces.

1958

The USS Nautilus becomes the first submerged vessel to cross the North Pole.

1990

Iraq invades Kuwait, leading to the Gulf War.

1936

The Summer Olympics open in Nazi Germany.

1987

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and French President François Mitterrand sign a treaty to build a tunnel under the English Channel.

1914

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, officially beginning World War I.

1974

The House Judiciary Committee recommends that President Richard Nixon be impeached and removed from office.