This Day in History

Archived Facts

1958

The Iraqi Revolution begins when the monarchy is overthrown in a coup d'état led by Abd al-Karim Qasim.

1977

Somalia declares war on Ethiopia, marking the beginning of the Ogaden War.

1935

The Chaco War ends after nearly three years when a cease-fire is negotiated between Paraguay and Bolivia.

2006

Train bombings in Mumbai kill 209 and injure more than 700 people.

1994

Kim Il-sung, the Supreme Leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea dies, and his son, Kim Jong-il, assumes power.

2016

President Ronald Reagan appoints Sandra Day O’Connor to the United States Supreme Court, making her its first female member.

1967

The Nigerian Civil War begins when Nigerian Federal Troops invade Biafra.

2004

The first direct presidential election is held in Indonesia.

1997

Sovereignty over Hong Kong is officially transferred from the United Kingdom to China.

1960

The Republic of the Congo declares independence from Belgium, ushering in a five-year period of political turmoil.

2014

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of the self-proclaimed Islamic State, declares a caliphate in Syria and Iraq.

2009

Honduran soldiers forcibly remove President Manuel Zelaya from office.

1950

U.S. President Harry Truman announces he is ordering forces to South Korea to repel invasion by communist North Korea.

2010

Julia Gillard becomes the first female prime minister of Australia.

1985

The terrorist bombing of Air India Flight 182 kills 329 over the Atlantic Ocean.

1941

Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union during Operation Barbarossa.

1900

Pressured by the Boxer Rebels, Empress Dowager Cixi of China declares war on foreign powers.

1991

Following Germany’s reunification, the Bundestag votes to move its headquarters from Bonn to Berlin.

1967

China announces its first successful thermonuclear test.