This Day in History

Archived Facts

1945

U.S. Senate approves U.S. participation in the UN.

1912

The first Balkan War ends, with the Ottoman empire expelled from almost all territories it occupied in Europe.

1913

The Buenos Aires metro opens as the first underground rail system in the Southern Hemisphere.

1995

President Bill Clinton becomes the first U.S. president to visit Northern Ireland.

1999

Five-year-old Elian Gonzalez is rescued near the Florida coast, setting off a high-profile U.S.-Cuba custody battle.

1965

Mobutu Sese Seko seizes power in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

2005

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is elected president of Liberia, becoming the first African woman head of state.

1945

The Nuremburg trials begin in Germany.

1978

Cult leader Jim Jones leads more than nine hundred followers in mass suicide in Jonestown, Guyana.

1933

The United States recognizes the Soviet Union.

1973

President Nixon urges Congress to authorize construction of the Alaskan oil pipeline, citing growing U.S. energy needs.

1985

The Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts in Colombia, killing more than twenty thousand.

2006

An Iraqi court finds Saddam Hussein guilty of crimes against humanity and sentences him to death.

1979

A group of Iranian students seize the U.S. embassy in Tehran, taking more than sixty Americans hostage.