This Day in History

Archived Facts

2009

North Korea sentences two U.S. journalists to twelve years of hard labor for illegal entry.

1948

Czechoslovakia’s President Edvard Benes resigns amid growing Communist influence in the country.

1944

Allies launch invasion of Normandy to oust German occupying forces from Western Europe.

2006

Montenegro declares independence from Serbia, dissolving the union left from the former Yugoslavia.

2012

Deposed Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak receives a life sentence for complicity in the killings of antigovernment protesters.

1963

Kenya attains internal self-rule, setting it on a path to full independence from the British Empire.

1924

The Soviet Union signs a secret agreement with China recognizing Outer Mongolia as an "integral part of the Republic of China."

1980

The South Korean army completes crackdown on uprising in Gwangju, killing nearly six hundred people.

1970

The Tupolev Tu-144, the Soviet counterpart to the Concorde, becomes the first commercial aircraft to exceed Mach 2 cruising speed.

2000

Israel withdraws its troops from Lebanon after a twenty-two-year occupation.

2002

The United States and Russia sign the Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions, agreeing to reduce 80 percent of their nuclear arsenals.

1960

Israel announces the capture of former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.

1948

Lawmakers elect Chiang Kai-shek as president of the Republic of China.

1991

Amidst war, Croatia votes for independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

1974

India launches its first successful atomic test.

2007

A train crosses the border between North and South Korea for the first time in fifty-six years.

1966

Chinese leader Mao Zedong issues the May 16 Notification, marking the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.

1949

The Soviet Union lifts its eleven-month blockade of West Berlin.