This Day in History

Archived Facts

2007

Former prime minister Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan after an eight-year exile.

1973

Arab members of OPEC enact an oil embargo that causes prices to quadruple.

1978

John Paul II becomes the first non-Italian to hold the papacy in over four centuries.

2003

China launches the Shenzhou 5, its first manned spacecraft.

1962

Pope John XXIII convenes the Second Vatican Council.

1938

Nazi Germany annexes the Sudetenland under the Munich Agreement.

1967

Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara is executed by Bolivian armed forces.

1982

The Polish parliament bans independent trade union Solidarity.

1981

The Egyptian parliament names Vice President Hosni Mubarak as the assassinated Anwar Sadat's successor.

1957

The Soviet Union launches Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite, signaling the start of the space race.

1993

The First Battle of Mogadishu, known as Black Hawk Down, is fought in Somalia.

1919

President Woodrow Wilson has a debilitating stroke while advocating for U.S. ratification of the League of Nations.

1970

Five million mourners crowd the streets of Cairo to attend President Gamal Abdel Nasserís funeral.

1938

Great Britain, France, Italy, and Nazi Germany sign agreement in Munich permitting German annexation of Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia.

1962

The Yemen Arab Republic is established, sparking a civil war.

1983

Soviet officer Stanislav Petrov, identifying reports of an incoming missile as a false alarm, averts nuclear war.

1972

The people of Norway reject membership in the European Community.

1914

The siege of Przemysl, the longest of World War I, begins as Russian forces move against Austria-Hungary.

1943

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is founded.