This Day in History

Archived Facts

1976

The UN Security Council votes to allow the Palestine Liberation Organization to participate in its debates, albeit without voting rights.

2005

The Sudanese government and People’s Liberation Movement sign a peace agreement, ending the country's twenty-two-year civil war.

1918

U.S. President Woodrow Wilson outlines the conditions for postwar peace in Europe in his “Fourteen Points” statement.

1959

The United States recognizes the new Cuban government under Fidel Castro.

1995

An apartment fire in Manila unveils a large-scale terror plot to assassinate Pope John Paul II, bomb several airliners, and destroy the CIA headquarters.

2015

Anton Drexler founds the German Workers’ Party, the predecessor of the Nazi party.

1946

President Harry Truman officially proclaims the end of World War II hostilities.

1993

Israel and the Holy See establish diplomatic relations for the first time.

2006

The United Kingdom pays off its debts to the United States and Canada from the Anglo-American loan, made in 1946.

1939

Pope Pius XII makes a Christmas Eve appeal for peace amidst the Second World War.

1972

A 6.5-magnitude earthquake strikes the Nicaraguan capital of Managua, killing more than ten thousand.

1989

Communist rule in Romania ends after forty-two years when the army defects and overthrows Nicolae Ceausescu.

1984

The United Kingdom agrees to return Hong Kong to China in the Sino-British Joint Declaration.

1958

The United States launches the world’s first communications satellite.

1990

Jean-Bertrand Aristide becomes President in Haiti's first free elections, only to be deposed within a year.

1971

Pakistani forces surrender to Indian troops in East Pakistan, leading to the creation of an independent Bangladesh.

1978

U.S. President Jimmy Carter severs diplomatic relations with Taiwan and recognizes the People’s Republic of China on the mainland.

1956

The Irish Republican Army begins a campaign of guerrilla warfare with an aim to overthrow British rule in Northern Ireland.

2014

The first Chechen war begins when Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders troops to invade Chechnya.