This Day in History

Archived Facts

1994

Leaders of Ukraine, Russia, the United States, and the UK sign the Budapest Memorandums giving national security assurances to Ukraine.

1982

China's Fifth National People’s Congress adopts the current version of its Constitution.

1984

A chemical leak from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India kills more than 3,800 people in the world’s worst industrial disaster.

1954

The United States signs the Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty with Taiwan, protecting it against the People’s Republic of China.

1959

Twelve world powers sign the Antarctic Treaty, banning military activity in Antarctica and designating it as a scientific preserve.

1943

Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin meet for the first time in Tehran to discuss war strategy against Nazi Germany.

1965

The Pentagon calls on the White House to increase troops from 120,000 to 400,000 in the Vietnam War.

1998

Tony Blair becomes the first British prime minister to address the Oireachtas, Ireland's parliament.

1992

Czechoslovakia's Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

1992

Czechoslovakia's Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

1963

Jack Ruby kills Lee Harvey Oswald, President Kennedy’s alleged assassin; the killing was caught on live television.

1969

President Nixon agrees to return to Japan the island of Okinawa, where the United States conducted military operations.

1962

The Cuban missile crisis ends when the Soviet Union agrees to remove missiles from the island President Kennedy agrees to lift the navel quarantine.

1985

U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time in Geneva to reopen Cold War diplomatic relations.

1993

The United States House of Representatives approves the North American Free Trade Agreement, creating the world’s largest free trade area.

1989

The riot police quell an anti-Communist student demonstration in Prague, which launches the Velvet Revolution.

1940

German air forces carry out a series of bombing raids on Coventry, England.

1947

The Soviet Union completes the development of the AK-47, which remains one of the most popular assault rifles today.

1956

Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia join the United Nations.