This Day in History

Archived Facts

1973

Vietnam releases forty U.S. prisoners of war, the first of 591 to be released following a series of U.S.-Vietnam diplomatic negotiations.

1975

Margaret Thatcher is elected leader of the UK's Conservative Party, making her the first woman to lead a British political party.

2005

North Korea suspends six-party nuclear talks and resumes nuclear weapons development.

1943

U.S. forces declare victory over Japan on the island of Guadalcanal, an important step in the United States' WWII Pacific campaign.

1985

President Reagan launches policy known as the "Reagan Doctrine," calling support for "freedom fighters" abroad self-defense.

2006

Crowds protesting a Danish newspaper cartoon depicting the Prophet Mohammed set fire to Denmark's consulate in Beirut.

1945

Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin meet in Yalta to begin planning for a post-war world.

1917

President Woodrow Wilson severs all ties with Germany after unrestricted maritime warfare resumes.

1990

South African President F.W. De Klerk announces plans to free Nelson Mandela and lift ban on anti-apartheid groups.

1972

Pakistan withdraws from the British Commonwealth of Nations in protest of its recognition of Bangladesh.

1979

President Jimmy Carter welcomed Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping to the White House following the establishment of diplomatic relations.

1986

The space shuttle Challenger explodes shortly after launching, killing all seven crew members.

1945

Soviet troops liberate more than seven thousand prisoners from Auschwitz.

1950

The Constitution of India comes into effect, officially forming an Indian republic.

1973

President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord with Vietnam had been reached to end the Vietnam War.

1954

The United States launches the first nuclear-powered submarine in Groton, Connecticut.

1969

East Pakistani police kill Bengali student activist Amanullah Asaduzzaman, sparking outrage that led to the Bangladesh Liberation War.

1920

The League of Nations holds its first council meeting in Paris.