This Day in History

Archived Facts

1944

Dumbarton Oaks Conference begins, convening talks that led to framework for founding the United Nations.

1988

Iran and Iraq sign a ceasefire after almost eight years of war.

2010

Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last U.S. brigade combat teams crossing to Kuwait.

1960

Cyprus gains independence from the United Kingdom

1971

President Richard Nixon abolishes the gold standard by ending convertibility of the U.S. dollar into gold by foreign investors.

2007

The Kahtaniya bombings kill at least 796 people in Iraq.

1960

The Central African Republic declares independence from France.

1982

Mexico announces it is unable to pay external debt, kicking off a debt crisis in Latin America.

1945

The United States detonates the Fat Man atomic bomb onto Nagasaki.

1988

The "8888 Uprising" takes place in Myanmar.

1940

Alsace-Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich.

1960

Cuba nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.

1962

Nelson Mandela is arrested and jailed for inciting workers to strike and leaving the country illegally.

1990

Iraq invades Kuwait, ultimately leading to the Gulf War.

1894

The First Sino-Japanese War erupts between Japan and China over Korea.

2006

Fidel Castro hands over power to brother Raśl Castro.

1967

Israel passes the Jerusalem Law and annexes East Jerusalem.

1921

Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.

1969

The Nixon Doctrine is announced, indicating U.S. troop withdrawal from Vietnam.