UN High Commissioner for Refugees produces an Asylum Trends reports, which summarizes patterns in the number of individual asylum claims submitted during the previous year in Europe and selected non-European countries.
The 2013 report was released on March 21, 2014, and reflects data as of March 12, 2014. The 2013 report noted "a sharp rise in asylum claims in 44 industrialized countries over the course of last year, driven primarily by the crisis in Syria."
Introduction to 2013 report:
The group of countries analysed is referred to collectively as "the 44 industrialized countries" and is defined as such for the purposes of this report only. The 44 countries are: the 28 Member States of the European Union (4) , Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liech - tenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia (and Kosovo: S/RES/ 1244 ( 1999 )), Switzerland, the former Yu - goslav Republic of Macedonia, and Turkey, as well as Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, and the United States of America. This group of 44 countries received an estimated 612,700 new asylum applications in 2013.
The numbers in this report reflect asylum claims made at the first instance of asylum procedures. Neither applications on appeal or review nor information on the outcome of asylum procedures or on the admission of refugees through resettlement programmes are included, as such details are available in other UNHCR reports. (5)
To the extent possible, the statistics presented reflect the number of individuals lodging an asylum application for the first time. However, some of the figures quoted in this report are likely to include repeat applications submitted in the same or another country, and therefore may not reflect the actual number of new asylum-seekers. ( 6 )
All data refer to the number of individuals with the exception of asylum-seekers in the United States of America, where figures are available only for the number of cases (which may include several individuals) sub - mitted to the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS). However, applications submitted to the Executive Office of Immigration Review (EOIR) of the United States Department of Justice are recorded as individuals. To allow comparability across countries of asylum, UNHCR uses an average figure of 1,356 individuals per case to estimate the number of people reported by DHS for 2013, because data suggest that, on average, one asylum case involves 1,356 individuals. (7) In the country of origin tables, figures for the United States of America are a combination of the number of cases (DHS) and the number of individuals (EOIR), owing to the large variation in family size by nationality.
All figures in this report should be considered as provisional and subject to change . Due to retroactive changes and adjustments, some of the data included in this publication may differ slightly from that reported in previous UNHCR documents or from the official figures published by States.