Africa (sub-Saharan)

Must Read

New Republic: Hell Is an Understatement

Author: Graeme Wood

"About 15 percent of Central Africans are Muslims, and for much of the country's 54-year history, they lived in relative harmony with the Christian majority. But in the last year, CAR has collapsed—first in a spasm of political violence and now in a grisly carnival of factional and religious slaughter that has left it one of the very worst places on Earth."

See more in Central African Republic; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights

Foreign Affairs Article

Reforming Nigeria

Author: Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

Born to professors in what was then still a British colony, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was a teenager when civil war broke out in Nigeria seven years after independence, and she ended up working as a cook for the Biafran rebels on the frontlines.

See more in Nigeria; International Finance

Must Read

Foreign Policy: ‘They Just Stood Watching’

Author: Colum Lynch

"Darfur's combatants, particularly the Sudanese government, have effectively neutered the U.N. peacekeeping mission, undermining its capacity to fulfill its primary duty to protect nearly 2 million civilians displaced by Sudan's genocide. During the past year alone, more than 500,000 terrified men, women, and children have poured into the region's already overcrowded refugee camps."

See more in Sudan; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights

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Think Progress: U.S. Stepping Up Campaign Against Joseph Kony, Highlighting Complex Relationship With Uganda

Author: Hayes Brown

"Five months into his first term in office, President Barack Obama laid out his vision for how American values would guide his thinking in crafting foreign policy. 'We uphold our most cherished values not only because doing so is right, but because it strengthens our country and it keeps us safe,' he said at the time…. The next five years have shown the difficulty that comes when some of those values clash with each other, jostling for dominance."

See more in Uganda; Politics and Strategy

Foreign Affairs Article

Reverse the Curse

Authors: Karol Boudreaux, Tiernan Mennen, Larry Diamond, and Jack Mosbacher

Larry Diamond and Jack Mosbacher ("Petroleum to the People," September/October 2013) rightly observe that the coming oil boom in Africa is, paradoxically, a frightening prospect for the continent's poor and marginalized.

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Oil

Must Read

New York Review of Books: Africa Attacks the International Criminal Court

Author: Kenneth Roth

"The court's future now rests to a large extent on the battle being waged between African leaders with little interest in justice and those Africans, including many activists and victims, who see an end to impunity for mass atrocities as essential for Africa's future. One can only hope that the welfare of African people takes precedence over the perceived interests of African leaders."

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Global Governance

Ask CFR Experts

What is the best way forward in fighting terrorism on the Horn of Africa?

Asked by George Macharia, from University of Nairobi

Terrorism in the Horn of Africa is a complex problem that requires a "full spectrum" solution. The first step in any counterterrorism campaign is developing an understanding of the terrorists' motivations and goals. In the Horn of Africa, the chief terrorist threat emanates from al-Shabab fighters attempting to violently overthrow the Somali government and impose fundamentalist Islamic law. The group and its affiliates are also attempting to sow unrest in neighboring countries like Kenya.

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See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Terrorism