Africa (sub-Saharan)

Ask CFR Experts

What will it take for the United States and others to address the crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo?

Asked by Lauren Harrison, from Harvard Kennedy School
Author: John Campbell

The exploitation of Congo's vast resources by competing elites and militaries for personal enrichment promotes insecurity and stymies development. Only very strong Western and African public outcry and a change in China's nonintervention approach might open the possibilities for change.

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See more in Congo, Democratic Republic of; Business and Foreign Policy

Primary Sources

Remarks by Secretary Kerry and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, February 2013

Secretary John Kerry and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon gave these remarks before their meeting on February 14, 2013. They outlined the main issues they would discuss: North Korea's nuclear test and Six Party Talks, negotiations with Iran, the crisis in Syria, and France's intervention in Mali.

See more in Mali; Syria; North Korea; International Organizations and Alliances

Must Read

London Review of Books: In Search of Monsters

Author: Stephen Smith

"Jihadists were already finding it hard to operate in North Africa before the Arab Spring of 2011. Since then their problems have become almost insurmountable: they thrive only in countries where Islamists are in prison, not where they are in the ascendant or contesting elections. As for Europe, the last attacks instigated by al-Qaida date back to Madrid in 2004 and London in 2005. Jihadism looks less like a rising phenomenon in the north of Mali than a force in retreat. The French intervention may well give them purpose and greater coherence."

See more in France; Havens for Terrorism; Mali

Video

Mali Conflict: Three Things to Know

Speaker: John Campbell

As French forces intervene in Mali to curtail rebel forces in the country's northern region, CFR's John Campbell highlights three things to know about Mali and the escalating conflict.

See more in Mali

Interview

Congo's Weak Peace Process

Jason Stearns interviewed by Christopher Alessi

Rwandan-backed rebels recently withdrew from the eastern Congolese city of Goma, but a comprehensive peace deal with the government remains elusive, says expert Jason Stearns.

See more in Congo, Democratic Republic of

Interactive

Nigeria Security Tracker

The Council on Foreign Relations's Nigeria Security Tracker, an effort to catalog and map political violence based on a weekly survey of Nigerian and international press. The data presented includes violent incidents related to political, economic, and social grievances directed at the state or other affiliative groups (or conversely the state employing violence to respond to those incidents.)

See more in Nigeria; Defense and Security

Interview

Oil Diplomacy in the Sudans

Alex de Waal interviewed by Christopher Alessi

A recent agremeent between Sudan and South Sudan to restart oil exports is likely to improve the macroeconomic situations of the countries, while paving the way for future negotiations over land disputes, says expert Alex de Waal.

See more in Sudan; Oil; South Sudan