Africa (sub-Saharan)

Teaching Module

Teaching Module: Nigeria: Dancing on the Brink

Author: John Campbell

This module features Teaching Notes by author and CFR Senior Fellow John Campbell with discussion questions, essay questions, activities, and additional materials for educators to supplement the use of the updated CFR book Nigeria: Dancing on the Brink in the classroom. In this book, Ambassador Campbell examines Nigeria's postcolonial past and offers policy options for the United States to help promote political, social, and economic development.

See more in Nigeria; Terrorism; Economic Development

Must Read

Project Syndicate: South Africa Breaks Out

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz

"International investment agreements are once again in the news. The United States is trying to impose a strong investment pact within the two big so-called "partnership" agreements, one bridging the Atlantic, the other the Pacific, that are now being negotiated. But there is growing opposition to such moves."

See more in South Africa; International Finance

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Irish Times: Somalia Starts to Pick Up the Pieces

Author: Mary Fitzgerald

"For the first time in a very long time, people here have hope," says Liban Mahdi, one of scores of diaspora Somalis who have returned to Mogadishu since al-Shabaab were routed from the city by African Union and Somali forces in August 2011. Parts of the battle-scarred capital are experiencing a construction boom, with hospitals, homes, schools, shops and hotels rising from once rubbled neighbourhoods. Streets hum with cars and hawkers. "We have traffic jams in Mogadishu now," says Ismail, who works in construction. "I never imagined I would see that here."

See more in Somalia; Economic Development

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National Geographic: The War for Nigeria

Author: James Verini

"In the national collective consciousness, Boko Haram has become something more than a terrorist group, more even than a movement. Its name has taken on an incantatory power. Fearing they will be heard and then killed by Boko Haram, Nigerians refuse to say the group's name aloud, referring instead to 'the crisis' or 'the insecurity.'"

See more in Nigeria; Conflict Assessment

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The Guardian: How The US Raid On Al-Shabaab In Somalia Went Wrong

Authors: Abdalle Ahmed, Spencer Ackerman, and David Smith

"What had been invisible to Sheikh and other residents of Barawe was the stealthy advance of navy Seal team six – the same unit that killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan – in a speedboat towards the Somalian coastline before first light. The team consisted of about 20 Seals, according to leaked accounts, and their craft was flanked on the Indian Ocean by three small boats to provide back-up."

See more in Somalia; Military Operations

Ask CFR Experts

Will the Obama administration show a greater interest in Africa in the second term?

Asked by Nuno Halpern, from West Sussex

The Obama administration is demonstrating a renewed interest in African economic partnerships after largely ignoring the continent during the president's first term. During his summer 2013 trip to Africa, President Obama articulated a policy focus on energy and business ventures. He announced that the United States would aim to expand sub-Saharan Africans' access to electricity and committed $7 billion over five years to the "Power Africa" initiative. He also vowed to send more trade missions to Africa and invite African leaders to a U.S. summit in 2014.

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See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); United States; Politics and Strategy