CFR Fellow Joshua Kurlantzick argues that the United States should play a much larger role in shaping Myanmar's reforms by launching a new strategy of engagement, including a sizable aid package, upgraded diplomatic relations, and, if reforms continue, an end to American sanctions.
Joshua Kurlantzick states, “China, other Asian nations, and the United States remain unprepared for Myanmar to spark a refugee crisis, a large-scale conflict along its borders — or even a nuclear breakout.”
Myanmar's military junta made sure the country's first elections in twenty years will favor the regime, but the polls still offer prospects for independent, civilian voices to emerge, says CFR's Joshua Kurlantzick.
U.S. talks with the junta in Myanmar have yielded few results, yet planned elections and a looming crisis in some border regions will force the U.S. to play a larger role, and possibly gain leverage with the regime, writes CFR's Joshua Kurlantzick.
Existing U.S. sanctions on Burma are based on various U.S. laws and Presidential Executive Orders. This report provides a brief history of U.S. policy towards Burma and the development of U.S. sanctions, a topical summary of those sanctions, and an examination of additional sanctions that have been considered, but not enacted, by Congress, or that could be imposed under existing law or executive orders. The report concludes with a discussion of options for Congress.
Ahead of the approaching Myanmar elections, this International Crisis Group briefing updates recent developments in Myanmar, examines the critical impact of ethnic conflict, and concludes that renewed fighting in areas where ceasefires currently hold should be of concern but remains on balance unlikely.
In a Wall Street Journal op-ed, Kelley Currie of Project 2049 Institute says that Delhi should be more clever about using its own values and role as a regional leader to press for political reform in Burma.
Joshua Kurlantzick questions the Obama administration's re-engagement of Burma, pointing out that in the past "the Burmese regime has softened just enough to win concessions, before reverting to its natural state."
Washington will now engage in direct talks with Myanmar's ruling junta while maintaining existing sanctions. CFR's Kara C. McDonald says the success of the strategy hinges on the U.S. ability to work with Myanmar's regional partners to build a multilateral consensus on how to deal with the country.
The Council on Foreign Relations' David Rockefeller Studies Program—CFR's "think tank"—is home to more than seventy full-time, adjunct, and visiting scholars and practitioners (called "fellows"). Their expertise covers the world's major regions as well as the critical issues shaping today's global agenda. Download the printable CFR Experts Guide.
The authors argue that the United States has responded inadequately to the rise of Chinese power and recommend placing less strategic emphasis on the goal of integrating China into the international system and more on balancing China's rise.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »