China

Primary Sources

Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Position Paper on the Matter of Jurisdiction in the South China Sea Arbitration

In 2013, the Philippines appealed to the United Nation's Convention on the Law of the Sea in settling claims to territory in the South China Sea. On December 7, 2014, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs released the Chinese government's response, arguing that the Convention does not apply to the dispute in the South China Sea.

See more in China; Philippines; Territorial Disputes; Oceans

Op-Ed

China’s ADIZ at One Year: International Legal Issues

Author: Matthew C. Waxman
The Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative

Matthew Waxman reflects on the international legality of the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ), declared by China one year ago. Importantly, this zone includes a large area of the East China Sea, including islands the legal possession of which China disputes with Japan. Waxman discusses the somewhat ambiguous and developing legal field surrounding ADIZs in this particular context and beyond.

See more in China; Regional Security; International Law

Audio

U.S.-China Relations

Elizabeth C. Economy, CFR’s C.V. Starr senior fellow and director for Asia studies, discusses Chinese President Xi Jinping’s reforms in his first two years in office and what they mean for U.S.-China relations, as part of CFR's Academic Conference Call series.

See more in China; Politics and Strategy

Primary Sources

Remarks by President Obama and President Xi in Joint Press Conference

U.S. President Obama and Chinese President Xi met on the sidelines of the 2014 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting on November 12, 2014. They discussed regional trade and security initiatives such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Asian Security Concept and the U.S.-China Joint Announcement on Climate Change. Questions from the press included China's impressions of the Obama Administration's "pivot" to Asia and human rights issues associated with the Hong Kong protests, Occupy Central. The fact sheet detailed additional agreements, including nuclear nonproliferation efforts, military-to-military confidence building measures, visa reform, and Ebola responses.

See more in United States; China; Grand Strategy

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U.S.-China Joint Announcement on Climate Change

U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping met on the sidelines of the 2014 meeting of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and released a climate change agreement on November 11, 2014. The agreement includes each country's goals for cutting carbon emissions. In 2013, the two countries also signed an agreement to reducing hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), emissions that deplete ozone layers.

See more in United States; China; Climate Change; Pollution