China

Ask CFR Experts

Does India have an edge over China in its display of its soft power in the world?

Asked by Vikas, from American University

Indian and Chinese soft power is manifested in a variety of mediums, including traditional and pop culture, academic exchanges, and cuisine. Since soft power emanates from a country's history, culture, domestic political arrangements and civil society, it is difficult to measure its impact in a quantitative way as can be done with some forms of economic or military power, including aid and investment, infrastructure projects, and militarization. Thus, the effects of soft power are largely in the eye of the beholder.

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Must Read

Brookings: India’s Relations with China: The Good, the Bad and the (Potentially) Ugly

Author: Tanvi Madan

"There is a debate in India—inside and outside government—about China, which scenario might prevail, the future of the relationship and what approach to take with China. [Almost] equal numbers of those surveyed believe that India 'should join with other countries to limit China's influence' and 'should cooperate with China to play a leading role in the world together.'"

See more in China; India; Politics and Strategy

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Wall Street Journal: Aging Population Could Trim 3% Off China GDP Growth

Author: Bob Davis

"The share of the working-age population (ages 15-64) will decline in China between 2010 and 2030 nearly as fast as it will in Japan, the U.S. and other wealthy nations. Switching to a two-child policy could even make things worse over the next 20 year, because more births would mean that working parents would have more dependents to care for, the economists note."

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New York Times: The World’s Wartime Debt to China

Author: Rana Mitter

"[R]ecently a new political openness within China itself has allowed a different picture of the war years to emerge. Chiang and Mao are long dead, and the Chinese government has been trying to claim a greater international role by reminding the world of the benefits of its past cooperation with the West."

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Ask CFR Experts

What is the impact of growing Pakistan-China relations on the United States and India?

Asked by Shreedhar K. Powar, from Shivaji University
Author: Daniel S. Markey

Relations between China and Pakistan are indeed growing, but must be considered in a wider context to understand their potential implications for the United States and India.

Close Sino-Pakistani relations are nothing new. Especially with respect to military and nuclear ties, Beijing and Islamabad have have been friendly since the 1960s. In recent years, bilateral trade and investment have increased. Looking to the future, China's expanding influence in Central Asia and its interest in overland access to the Arabian Sea could motivate even stronger links with Pakistan.

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Op-Ed

America, Syria, and the World: China

Author: Elizabeth C. Economy
Wall Street Journal

In a section of this week's "Saturday Essay" in the Wall Street Journal, Elizabeth Economy says that China has been critical of the United States' Syria policy, hoping to highlight U.S. weakness and signal the onset of a power transition in the international system. However, she argues, China's observations about U.S. indecisiveness and Russian leadership only serve to emphasize China's inability to find its own diplomatic legs.

See more in China; Syria; Politics and Strategy; Defense and Security