Interviewer: Mark P. Lagon Interviewee: Zalmay M. Khalilzad
Amb. Zalmay Khalilzad, former U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, Iraq, and the United Nations, discusses democracy promotion in the Middle East following the Arab Spring with Mark Lagon, Adjunct Senior Fellow for Human Rights at the Council on Foreign Relations.
The G8 pledged new aid to Tunisia and Egypt to help their transition to democracy, but it will be a challenge to turn the aid into desperately needed jobs and an investment-friendly climate, says Mideast expert Jane Kinninmont.
In a piece for the Weekly Standard, Ellen Bork writes that Washington needs to revive its relations with Cairo in order to reignite the transition from dictatorship to democracy that has stalled in Egypt since Mubarak ceded power more than three months ago.
Steven A. Cook argues that Egypt's leaders must ensure the prosecution of Hosni Mubarak does not distract from the need to address the country's bigger problem: its increasingly dire economic condition.
Isobel Coleman, Director of the Council on Foreign Relations' Civil Society, Markets, and Democracy Initiative, discusses new initiatives announced by President Obama in support of the democratic transitions in Egypt and Tunisia, including trade, investment, debt forgiveness, and loan guarantees.
CFR Senior Fellow Steven Cook and Foundation for Defense Democracies Research Fellow Tony Badran discuss the increasing violence and political change sweeping the region with Foreign Affairs Editor Gideon Rose. Cook and Badran have authored articles in the recently released eBook New Arab Revolt, published by CFR and Foreign Affairs.
Despite Egypt being the model of "durable authoritarianism” Husni Mubarak's regime fell in a matter of weeks. Mona El-Ghobashy believes that the country may transform itself into a model of revolution.
For over a half-century the Egyptian government has sold cut-rate wheat flour to bakeries for the production of bread. Many Egyptians rely on this subsidy, but in the face of a looming global food crisis, the program may cost billions of dollars for the new Cairo leadership.