EU

Primary Sources

Report on the Implementation of the European Security Strategy: “Providing Security in a Changing World”

The EU introduction to this report states: “The European Council adopted the European Security Strategy (ESS) in December 2003. For the first time, it established principles and set clear objectives for advancing the EU's security interests based on our core values. It is comprehensive in its approach and remains fully relevant. This report does not replace the ESS, but reinforces it. It gives an opportunity to examine how we have fared in practice, and what can be done to improve implementation.”

Additional EU security strategies were released in 2010 and in 2015.

See more in EU; Regional Security

Transcript

The Financial Crisis: A European Perspective

Speaker: Christine Lagarde
Presider: Peter Ackerman

As the financial crisis spreads across the Atlantic, Europe's four largest economies are working to formulate a coordinated response. At the end of what promises to be a significant week for Europe, join French Finance Minister Christine Lagarde for a European perspective of the financial crisis and a discussion of possible policy options.

See more in International Finance; Financial Crises; EU

Must Read

SWP: Could France Bring NATO and the EU Closer Together?

Author: Ronja Kempin

The President of France, Nicolas Sarkozy, has pushed for his country to rejoin NATO's integrated military command in the hopes that it would help establish a capable European Security and Defense Policy. Ronja Kempin writes that this would only be possible if the French were to use their EU Presidency to link NATO and the EU by creating an operational civil-military EU planning and conduct capability closely linked to NATO's capacities.

See more in NATO; EU; France

Primary Sources

Treaty of Lisbon

The Treaty of Lisbon amended the EU's two core treaties, the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community. It was signed on December 13, 2007 and entered into force on December 1, 2009.

See more in Treaties and Agreements; EU

Analysis Brief

Considering the PetroEuro

Author: Lee Hudson Teslik

Some OPEC states say oil should be sold in euros, not dollars. The switch could have a substantial economic impact for oil states and the United States.

See more in EU; Oil