EU

Must Read

SWP: Could France Bring NATO and the EU Closer Together?

Author: Ronja Kempin

The President of France, Nicolas Sarkozy, has pushed for his country to rejoin NATO's integrated military command in the hopes that it would help establish a capable European Security and Defense Policy. Ronja Kempin writes that this would only be possible if the French were to use their EU Presidency to link NATO and the EU by creating an operational civil-military EU planning and conduct capability closely linked to NATO's capacities.

See more in NATO; EU; France

Primary Sources

Treaty of Lisbon

The Treaty of Lisbon amended the EU's two core treaties, the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community. It was signed on December 13, 2007 and entered into force on December 1, 2009.

See more in Treaties and Agreements; EU

Analysis Brief

Considering the PetroEuro

Author: Lee Hudson Teslik

Some OPEC states say oil should be sold in euros, not dollars. The switch could have a substantial economic impact for oil states and the United States.

See more in EU; Oil

Analysis Brief

Delicate Papal Visit to Turkey

Pope Benedict XVI makes his first visit to a majority Muslim state, Turkey, on November 28. The trip’s original aim was to build ties with Christian Orthodox leaders but the pope’s recent comments on faith, reason, and Islam—as well as Turkey’s EU accession—are likely to resonate throughout.

See more in Turkey; Religion; EU

Must Read

GMF: Germany and Europe: New Deal or Déjà Vu?

Author: Ulrike Guérot

This paper from the German Marshall Fund of the United States looks at Germany’s evolving relationship with the European Union. Growing in stature and, at the same time, sacrificing some of its own interests for the European Union, Germany has guaranteed its fundamental interest: a peaceful co-existence with its neighbours. In the meantime, Germany was also the only state to possess a foreign policy outlook that was both pro-European and transatlantic. However, under the administration of Chancellor Schröder, the tone and substance of Germany's European Policy evolved in two ways. First, within Europe, the "national" or the "German" component was accentuated. Second, during the war in Iraq, Germany made a break with its traditional foreign policy when it stood by France in opposing the United States. The paper explores how this new German orientation will develop during the German presidency of the EU during the first six months of 2007.

See more in Trade; EU; Germany