EU

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Treaty of Lisbon

The Treaty of Lisbon amended the EU's two core treaties, the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community. It was signed on December 13, 2007 and entered into force on December 1, 2009.

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Analysis Brief

Considering the PetroEuro

Author: Lee Hudson Teslik

Some OPEC states say oil should be sold in euros, not dollars. The switch could have a substantial economic impact for oil states and the United States.

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Primary Sources

Treaty of Lisbon

This text amended the Treaty on European Union (Treaty of Maastricht) and the Treaty Establishing the European Community (Treaty of Rome). European leaders signed it on December 13, 2007; it entered into force on December 1, 2009. The amendments updated voting and legal procedures in the European Parliament, made the Charter of Fundamental Rights binding, and provided EU members the option to leave and to rejoin the EU.

See more in EU; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; Human Rights

Analysis Brief

Turks at Europe’s Gates

Author: Lee Hudson Teslik

Turkey’s new president seeks to reinvigorate his country’s efforts to gain EU membership, but major rifts appear to outweigh limited signs of progress.

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Analysis Brief

Delicate Papal Visit to Turkey

Pope Benedict XVI makes his first visit to a majority Muslim state, Turkey, on November 28. The trip’s original aim was to build ties with Christian Orthodox leaders but the pope’s recent comments on faith, reason, and Islam—as well as Turkey’s EU accession—are likely to resonate throughout.

See more in Turkey; Religion; EU