Advocates for a UK withdrawal from the European Union argue that the bloc's bureaucracy threatens national sovereignty and stifles growth. Opponents counter that EU membership expands trade and investment while enhancing the UK's standing on the world stage.
See more in United Kingdom; EU; International Organizations and Alliances
The twin bombings in Brussels have exposed the need for closer European security cooperation at the same time that anti-EU political forces are on the rise, says expert Ian Lesser.
See more in Belgium; EU; Counterterrorism
The UK's exit from the European Union would result in a less influential U.S. partner and a weaker Europe, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass.
See more in EU; Diplomacy and Statecraft; United Kingdom
The European Union Commission and the United States agreed on new framework for transatlantic data flows on February 2, 2016. It replaces the Safe Harbor framework.
See more in EU; United States; Privacy; Digital Infrastructure
U.S. Chief Negotiator Dan Mullaney and EU Chief Negotiator Ignacio Garcia Bercero held a conference call to report on their discussions at the Miami Round of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) Negotiations.
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On July 15, 2014, European Commission Presidential Candidate Jean-Claude Juncker outlined his plan for the next European Commission and his ten priorities. After he was elected, he gave an opening statement to the European Parliament in Strasbourg on October 22, 2014, discussing his choices for officials that would form his College and work on implementing his plan. On September 9, 2015, President Juncker delivered his State of the Union speech and an update on the status of the priorities.
See more in EU; Grand Strategy
On May 13, 2015, the European Commission reviewed the Schengen Agreement to clarify its agenda on migration, in response to the influx of migrants from Ukraine, the Middle East, Asia, and North Africa who were seeking asylum in Europe. Implementation packages were released May 27 and September 9, with details on refugees distribution, funds for countries receiving and settling refugees, and search and rescue operations for traveling refugees.
See more in EU; Migration; Refugees and the Displaced
On September 9, 2015, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker spoke about issues the European Union is facing, including the influx of refugees, the relationships of Greece and of Britain to the EU, the conflict in Ukraine, and climate change. He released updates for the European Agenda on Migration and for the ten priorities of the European Commission (first outlined in 2014).
See more in EU; Eurozone; Grand Strategy
Leaders of euro member states held a special Euro Summit on Greece. On July 12, 2015, the leaders "agreed in principle that they are ready to start negotiations on an ESM [European Stability Mechanism] financial assistance programme for Greece."
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Greece’s new political leadership is set to challenge the German-led austerity policies in Europe, which could spur the rise of more anti-establishment movements across the continent, says political risk analyst Ian Bremmer.
See more in Greece; EU; Budget, Debt, and Deficits; Financial Crises
This weekend's snap election in Greece could determine the direction of the country's future, as well as shift the economic course for the rest of the eurozone, says expert Eleni Panagiotarea.
See more in EU; Greece; Elections; Financial Crises
On January 11, 2015, the EU released a preview and fact sheet of the European Agenda on Security, "Fighting terrorism at EU level, an overview of Commission's actions, measures and initiatives," which will be adopted in early 2015 and provide the focus for security priorities during 2015-2020. Most of the strategy will concetrate on counterterrorism efforts. Additional EU security strategies were released in 2003 and in 2010.
See more in EU; Regional Security
On November 26, 2014, the European Union adopted guidelines for search engines to use when deciding whether to remove, upon request, specific articles from search results for a person's name, in accordance with EU data privacy laws. These privacy laws are also referred to as "the right to be forgotten," for citizens to request that searches for their names not surface particular results.
See more in EU; Internet Policy; Privacy
In July 2012, the European Union requested that the European Commission study the future of RPAS in Europe and how to integrate civil and commerical remotely-piloted aircraft systems (RPAS, a type of unmanned aircraft system, also called drones) into the European Aviation System and to prepare regulation for implementation by 2016. This report, written by experts from Trilateral Research & Consulting and Vrije Universiteit Brussel for the European Commission, provides independent analysis on privacy concerns associated with civil use of drones and was released November 7, 2014.
See more in EU; Drones; Privacy
United States Trade Representative Michael Froman and EU trade ministers met in Rome on October 14, 2014 to discuss the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP). Ambassar Froman addressed criticisms about the agreement regarding regulations and transparency.
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On July 31, 2014, EU published rules for implementing new sanctions on Russia, after Russia's annexation of Crimea. The sanctions freeze accounts of certain officials and organizations and apply to dual-use goods, technology, and other military arms supply services.
See more in Russian Federation; EU; Sanctions
The European Commission released this report in July 2014, "to help Member States and stakeholders to make the most of the significant support for heritage available under EU instruments, progress towards a more integrated approach at national and EU level." It discusses the importance of preserving cultural heritage of individual states and Europe as a whole, for social cohesion, inter-cultural dialogue, and economic growth.
See more in EU; Society and Culture
As part of the EU's Eastern Partnership, in June 2014, Georgia and the European Union signed this agreement, which includes a free trade area and EU's support in political reforms and in conflict resolution between Georgia and the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. In November 2014, Russia and Abkhazia signed a military agreement and Russia and South Ossetia are expected to sign a similar treaty on alliance and integration in February 2015.
See more in EU; Georgia; Trade; Diplomacy and Statecraft
This week's European parliament elections could mark a victory for eurosceptics and fringe political groups, an outcome that would likely sour transatlantic relations, says expert Judy Dempsey.
See more in EU; Elections; International Organizations and Alliances
With Italy preparing to assume the presidency of the European Union in July, Italian foreign minister Federica Mogherini joins Lally Weymouth of the Washington Post to discuss current Italian diplomatic efforts.
See more in Italy; EU; Politics and Strategy