Turkey, as well as Egypt and Pakistan, are places where belief in the existence of a deep state is prominent, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. This is partly a function of the fact that these are also countries where there is little transparency and citizens have few avenues by which to hold officials accountable.
There remain many misconceptions about modern Turkey among Americans, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. The country is not a democracy, its president is not a dictator, many state institutions are not secular, it does not have a Kurdish problem, and it is the product of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s modernist vision of Anatolian society.
Steven A. Tananbaum Senior Fellow for International Economics Robert Kahn writes that Greece and its creditors are again locked in a showdown over reforms, cash, and debt relief. Another cliff-hanger ahead of heavy July debt payments looks likely. Extend-and-pretend is a dead end for Greece and an increasingly populist Europe, and a more ambitious agreement seems ruled out by bailout fatigue in creditor countries. Markets are once again underestimating the risks of “Grexit.”
One of the most important meetings of Donald Trump’s young presidency will take place on Tuesday, when German Chancellor Angela Merkel comes to Washington. Europe is America’s most important partner and Germany guides Europe.
Kimberly Marten outlines how U.S. policymakers can deter Russian aggression with robust support for NATO, while reassuring Russia of NATO’s defensive intentions through clear words and actions based in international law.
Authors: Steven A. Cook and Hussein Ibish The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington
Since the ruling Justice and Development Party took power in November 2002, Turkey’s relations with Gulf Arab states have gone through four distinct phases, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. Turkey started out as a good neighbor and problem solver before it made a bid for regional leadership, which led to a period of estrangement and then an uneasy rapprochement today.
Since the 2008 financial crisis, the conventional wisdom has been that a long, difficult recovery for eurozone economies will eventually lead to strong growth. But this narrative is losing credibility.
The likelihood that Armenians and Azerbaijanis will clash over Nagorno-Karabakh in the next twelve months is high. This contingency planning memorandum details how the United States can prevent renewed conflict over the disputed region.
The United States should consider the effects of its intervention in northern Syria on both Turkey and terrorist groups it seeks to destroy, and reconcile the contradictory aspects of its relationship with Turkey.
Germany’s foreign minister reports “astonishment and agitation.” The French president protests indignantly about unsolicited “outside advice .” Even Secretary of State John F. Kerry sees behavior that is “inappropriate.” President-elect Donald Trump’s weekend interview, in which he casually predicted the breakup of the European Union, has certainly attracted attention.
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