Europe

Article

Emperor Erdogan

Author: Steven A. Cook
Politico Magazine

The increasing authoritarianism of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is transforming Turkey into an insular and regionally alienated country, says CFR’s Steven Cook. As Turkish relations with the Middle East, Europe, and the United States, Turkey risks becoming irrelevant and dangerous.

See more in Turkey; Presidents and Chiefs of State

Op-Ed

Limiting the Veto in Cases of Mass Atrocities: Is the Proposed Code of Conduct Workable?

Author: Stewart M. Patrick

In Paris, Stewart Patrick analyzes prospects for a French proposal in which the UN Security Council would adopt a “responsibility not to veto” norm in situations of mass atrocities. Despite tremendous challenges in implementing such a code of conduct, he concludes that it is ultimately a goal worth pursuing.

See more in France; International Law; Humanitarian Intervention

Primary Sources

European Agenda on Security

On January 11, 2015, the EU released  a preview and fact sheet of the European Agenda on Security, "Fighting terrorism at EU level, an overview of Commission's actions, measures and initiatives," which will be adopted in early 2015 and provide the focus for security priorities during 2015-2020. Most of the strategy will concetrate on counterterrorism efforts. Additional EU security strategies were released in 2003 and in 2010.

See more in EU; Regional Security

Transcript

Media Conference Call: Farah Pandith on Violent Extremism

Interviewer: Jonathan Masters
Interviewee: Farah Pandith

Farah Pandith, CFR adjunct senior fellow and the first-ever State Department special representative to Muslim communities, put the January 7, 2015 massacre at the office of satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in context, explain the appeal of violent Islamic extremism, and offer a long-term strategy to combat extremist ideology.

See more in France; Radicalization and Extremism

Op-Ed

A Consequential Terror Attack in Paris

Author: Max Boot
Commentary

The U.S. has 9/11. Spain has 11-M (the March 11, 2004, bombings of the Madrid commuter trains which killed 191). Britain has 7/7 (a reference to the July 7, 2005 bombings which killed 52 people taking public transportation in London). And now, on a slightly smaller but still horrific scale, France has 1/7: the assault by three masked gunmen on the offices of the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris, which left 12 people dead.

See more in France; Terrorist Attacks

Foreign Affairs Article

The Nordic Model

Author: Niklas Zennstrom

A native of Jarfalla, Sweden, Niklas Zennstrom studied business, engineering physics, and computer science at Uppsala University and the University of Michigan. In the mid-1990s, while heading up the Danish division of the Swedish telecommunications firm Tele2, he hired Janus Friis to run customer support, and soon the two of them decided to collaborate as entrepreneurs.

See more in Europe; Innovation

Foreign Affairs Article

The G-Word

Author: Thomas de Waal

One hundred years ago this April, the Ottoman Empire began a brutal campaign of deporting and destroying its ethnic Armenian community, whom it accused of supporting Russia, a World War I enemy. More than a million Armenians died.

See more in Armenia; Genocide