Europe

Op-Ed

Autocracy Generates Fear About Secret Powers

Author: Steven A. Cook
New York Times

The Turkish authorities have blamed the self-declared Islamic State for the attack on a peace rally in Ankara that took the lives of more than 100 people, though others in Turkey are not so sure. Critics of the dominant Justice and Development Party (A.K.P.), and some victims say the violence is more likely the work of either the government itself or the so-called deep state, designed to destabilize Turkey in a way that undermines Kurdish political goals and the A.K.P.’s efforts to transform Turkish politics.

See more in Turkey; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; Corruption and Bribery

Contingency Planning Memorandum

Crisis Over Ukraine

Author: Steven Pifer

As a 2009 Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Contingency Planning Memorandum "Crisis Between Ukraine and Russia" argued, a major Ukraine-Russia confrontation has significant implications for the United States. Despite ongoing diplomatic efforts, few aspects of the Minsk II agreement have been implemented and heavy fighting could resume, precipitating an even deeper crisis between Russia and the West. 

See more in Ukraine; Conflict Assessment; Territorial Disputes

Primary Sources

Statement by European Commission President Juncker: "A New Start for Europe: My Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change"

On July 15, 2014, European Commission Presidential Candidate Jean-Claude Juncker outlined his plan for the next European Commission and his ten priorities. After he was elected, he gave an opening statement to the European Parliament in Strasbourg on October 22, 2014, discussing his choices for officials that would form his College and work on implementing his plan. On September 9, 2015, President Juncker delivered his State of the Union speech and an update on the status of the priorities.

See more in EU; Grand Strategy

Op-Ed

Managing Europe’s Perfect Storm

Author: Richard N. Haass
Project Syndicate
 "The Chinese often point out that in their language the character for crisis and opportunity are one and the same," writes CFR President Richard N. Haass. "But, while it is indeed true that crisis and opportunity often go hand in hand, it is difficult to see much opportunity in Europe’s current circumstances."

See more in Europe; Refugees and the Displaced; International Organizations and Alliances

Op-Ed

The Key to Resolving Syria’s Refugee Crisis? Ending Its War.

Authors: Elliott Abrams and Michael Singh
Wall Street Journal

A wave of Syrian refugees has caught Europe and the United States flat-footed, leaving the European Union scrambling to devise a plan to deal with those arriving on its shores and Americans debating our role in the matter. A humanitarian reaction is natural–but woefully inadequate, because refugees will keep coming as long as the Assad regime continues to brutally repress Syria’s Sunni majority. Only by bringing the conflict to an end will the flow of ever more thousands of refugees stop.

See more in Syria; Europe; Conflict Assessment; Refugees and the Displaced

Other Report

Rebuilding Economic and Political Stability in Ukraine

Ukraine faces two severe and immediate challenges: armed pro-Russian separatists in the eastern part of the country and a sharp, nationwide economic deterioration stemming in no small part from that military threat.CFR convened a group of experts to discuss Ukraine’s economic challenges and identify possible ways for outside actors to support Ukrainian policymakers

See more in Ukraine; Territorial Disputes; Conflict Assessment