Climate talks have largely failed to curb rising temperatures, but bottom-up initiatives featuring subnational actors hold great promise if coordinated effectively. Varun Sivaram and David Livingston argue that California and Germany can “lead from between” to bridge international and subnational climate action.
Until recently, most Europeans believed that their post–Cold War security order held universal appeal and could be a model for the rest of the world. This conviction was hardly surprising, since Europe has often played a central role in global affairs. For much of the last three centuries, European order was world order—a product of the interests, ambitions, and rivalries of the continent’s empires.
Nearly a century after it first emerged in Egypt, political Islam is redefining the Muslim world. Also called Islamism, this potent ideology holds that the billion-strong global Muslim community would be free and great if only it were pious—that is, if Muslims lived under state-enforced Islamic law, or sharia, as they have done for most of Islamic history.
Pope Francis released this document on June 18, 2015. The encyclical states that humans have made "irresponsible use" of the Earth, that climate change affects most people living in poverty, and that all must unite to protect the planet.
Eurozone finance ministers meet in Luxembourg to negotiate a deal between Greece and its creditors before its International Monetary Fund debt repayment deadline at the end of June. Greece's membership in the eurozone hangs in the balance. CFR senior fellows Robert Kahn and Sebastian Mallaby will discuss the options the finance ministers might consider and their potential ramifications.
Five years after the onset of its sovereign debt crisis, Greece once again finds itself on the precipice of default and a departure from the nineteen-member eurozone. This reading list provides expert background and analysis of the crisis.
Expectations of democracy in Turkey following the recent general elections are premature, writes CFR’s Steven Cook. Instead, political paralysis and instability will mark the upcoming phase as parties scramble to build a coalition government.
Steven A. Cook, CFR Hasib J. Sabbagh Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies, breaks down Turkey's general election, in which the governing Justice and Development Party (AKP) lost its parliamentary majority.
The ruling party in Turkey expected to win a majority in the latest parliamentary elections. For 13 years, under the iron grip of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the AK Party has been the unstoppable force in Turkish politics.This weekend’s result was a blow to the president of Turkey, but excellent news for democracy in Turkey and beyond.
The Justice and Development Party is not expected to lose its majority in Turkey's June 7 elections, but a boost for the opposition could rein in the incumbents on matters of democracy, the economy, and foreign policy, says expert Gonul Tol.
Since the creation of the European Union in 1992 and the subsequent launch of the euro, Greece’s fiscal mismanagement and resulting debt crisis has repeatedly threatened the stability of the eurozone—and the country’s troubles are far from over.
Despite the lack of foreign policy debate in the run-up to the UK general elections, pressing questions about the United Kingdom’s relationship with Scotland and the EU loom, says expert Richard G. Whitman.
In his testimony before the Senate Committee on Armed Services, Stephen Sestanovich argues that Russian President Vladimir Putin could grow more dangerous—both for his neighbors and for the United States.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2015 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »