Europe

Analysis Brief

Issue Guide: Crisis in Ukraine

Author: CFR.org Editors

The latest eruption of violence in Ukraine has brought its protracted political unrest—rooted in a dispute over strengthening ties with the European Union—to its bloodiest phase yet. This roundup of expert analysis examines the conflict and consequences for regional stability.

See more in Ukraine; Political Movements and Protests

Must Read

Financial Times: Courts, Voters and the Threat of Another Euro Crisis

Author: Gideon Rachman

"Two of the most respected institutions in Germany, the Bundesbank and the constitutional court, are now on record as registering profound objections to the policies underpinning the euro.

As long as the German economy is strong, such laments are unlikely to churn up mainstream German politics. But when things get tough, as they inevitably will at some point, the intellectual groundwork has been laid for a "stab-in-the-back" theory that will explain Germany's problems by reference to the illegal and improvident acts of the European institutions."

See more in Europe; Economics; Politics and Strategy

Must Read

Brookings Essay: Monnet's Brandy and Europe's Fate

Author: Strobe Talbott

"Monnet is once again exerting his influence, this time from beyond the grave. The crisis in the eurozone has focused minds in key capitals on cobbling together institutional measures of the sort that he believed were necessary for monetary union. As a result, his vision of a united Europe may well survive and, over time, succeed."

See more in Europe; Economics

Ask CFR Experts

Will the United States support Ukraine's opposition forces?

Asked by Isaiah Smith, from Birdville High School
Author: Charles A. Kupchan

It is in the interests of the United States to see Ukraine emerge as a stable democracy with strong economic and political ties to the European Union. The United States sides with and supports the Ukrainian opposition—inas much as many of the demonstrators in Ukraine are protesting President Viktor Yanukovych's infringements on democratic practices, his government's use of violence against the demonstrations, and his decision to conclude an economic pact with Russia rather than with the EU.

Read full answer

See more in Ukraine; Political Movements and Protests

Transcript

South Korea, Poland, and Turkey: Three Emerging Market Success Stories Look to Sustain Their Growth

Speakers: Steven A. Cook, Marcus Noland, Mitchell Orenstein, and Gideon Rose

Emerging economies have boomed over the past decade, but many have recently seen their currencies come under pressure. With a potential currency crisis looming, CFR's Steven Cook, Marcus Noland of the Petersen Institute for International Economics, and Mitchell Orenstein of Northeastern University take an in-depth look at three emerging market success stories in a conversation with Foreign Affairs editor Gideon Rose.

See more in South Korea; Emerging Markets; Turkey

Video

South Korea, Poland, and Turkey: Three Emerging Market Success Stories Look to Sustain Their Growth

Speakers: Steven A. Cook, Marcus Noland, and Mitchell Orenstein
Presider: Gideon Rose

Emerging economies have boomed over the past decade, but many have recently seen their currencies come under pressure. With a potential currency crisis looming, CFR's Steven Cook, Marcus Noland of the Petersen Institute for International Economics, and Mitchell Orenstein of Northeastern University take an in-depth look at three emerging market success stories in a conversation with Foreign Affairs editor Gideon Rose.

See more in South Korea; Turkey; Emerging Markets

Audio

South Korea, Poland, and Turkey: Three Emerging Market Success Stories Look to Sustain Their Growth

Speakers: Steven A. Cook, Marcus Noland, and Mitchell Orenstein
Presider: Gideon Rose

Emerging economies have boomed over the past decade, but many have recently seen their currencies come under pressure. With a potential currency crisis looming, CFR's Steven Cook, Marcus Noland of the Petersen Institute for International Economics, and Mitchell Orenstein of Northeastern University take an in-depth look at three emerging market success stories in a conversation with Foreign Affairs editor Gideon Rose.

See more in South Korea; Turkey; Emerging Markets

Must Read

Bloomberg: Turkey Crisis Puts Jailed Millionaire at Heart of Gold Trail

Author: Mehul Srivastava

"As western nations ring-fenced Iran's banks, they created a temporary market where gold could be used to pay Iran for its only major export: oil and gas. That chaotic marketplace created opportunities for men like Sarraf. He used his connections in Iran and Turkey to move almost a metric ton of gold to Iran every day for 1 1/2 years, according to a person familiar with his finances."

See more in Turkey; Corruption and Bribery

Must Read

FT: A Bullingdon Bust-Up That Masks a Real Welfare Problem

Author: Gideon Rachman

"The enlargement of the EU and the free movement of people are both fine ideas. But, taken together, they have changed the nature of the union. A pragmatic pro-European should acknowledge that, when circumstances alter, democratic systems adapt. Changes to the welfare rules – allowing countries more scope to give priority to their own citizens – would make it easier to win the more important argument for open borders."

See more in Europe; Society and Culture

Must Read

NYT: Germany Adds Lessons in Islam to Better Blend Its Melting Pot

Author: Alison Smale

"For the first time, German public schools are offering classes in Islam to primary school students using state-trained teachers and specially written textbooks, as officials try to better integrate the nation's large Muslim minority and counter the growing influence of radical religious thinking. The classes offered in Hesse State are part of a growing consensus that Germany, after decades of neglect, should do more to acknowledge and serve its Muslim population if it is to foster social harmony, overcome its aging demographics, and head off a potential domestic security threat."

See more in Germany; Religion

Audio

Data Protection and Privacy in the United States and the European Union: A Conversation with Julie Brill

Speaker: Julie Brill
Presider: Karen Kornbluh
Commissioner Julie Brill discusses U.S. and EU efforts to enhance consumer privacy and develop globally interoperable solutions in the digital marketplace, as well as her innovative proposals for updating Internet privacy policy and rebuilding the transatlantic consensus on privacy, at this meeting of the Roundtable Series on Digital Privacy.

See more in Europe; Digital Infrastructure

Must Read

Project Syndicate: Europe’s Ukrainian Blunder

Author: Joschka Fischer

"The EU's behavior demands explanation. Yanukovych had always been the Kremlin's ally. Indeed, his election in 2010 marked the end of Ukraine's pro-European Orange Revolution, which had defeated his effort to steal the presidential election in 2004 and keep Ukraine in the Russian camp. So why did the EU press for an association agreement, without being able to offer Ukraine anything comparable to what Russia offered?"

See more in Europe; Politics and Strategy

Primary Sources

Northern Ireland Executive Proposed Agreement

Between July 2013 and December 2013, Dr. Richard Haass led peace process negotiations on how five political parties in Northern Ireland commemorate historical events related to regional conflict. The conflict, sometimes called The Troubles, began in the 1960s regarding the constitutional status of Northern Ireland and its two main communities; the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 addressed some of these issues.

See more in Ireland; Territorial Disputes; Political Movements and Protests