Starting with the Soviets’ launch of Sputnik in 1957, early space missions were funded exclusively by national governments, and for good reason: going to space was astronomically expensive. Setting up a successful space program meant making major investments in expertise and infrastructure, along with tolerating a great deal of risk—which only the superpowers could do.
housands of years ago, agriculture began as a highly site-specific activity. The first farmers were gardeners who nurtured individual plants, and they sought out the microclimates and patches of soil that favored those plants. But as farmers acquired scientific knowledge and mechanical expertise, they enlarged their plots, using standardized approaches—plowing the soil, spreading animal manure as fertilizer, rotating the crops from year to year—to boost crop yields.
Once upon a time, smart people thought the world was flat. As globalization took off, economists pointed to spreading market forces that allowed consumers to buy similar things for the same prices around the world.
This week’s G7 Summit highlights the emergence of a new era where the struggle for power between countries will be waged through economic means.
What CFR.org Editors are reading the week of June 8–12, 2015.
South Korea deals with a MERS virus outbreak; NATO holds military exercises in Poland and Pope Francis releases an encyclical on the environment.
Roger W. Ferguson Jr. discusses retirement reform, the current retirement landscape, and the state of TIAA-CREF's business.
Short Description: Catherine Powell hosts a discussion with UN Women’s Nahla Valji on the landmark UN Security Council resolution recognizing the role of women in peace and security matters and the U.S. role in implementing it.
Group of Seven (G7), which includes leaders from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission, met in Schloss Elmau, Germany on June 7-8, 2015. They released a declaration on commitments to low-carbon emission strategies, economic issues, and several foreign policy issues, such as the violence in Ukraine, nuclear safety, and addressing health threats such as Ebola and antimicrobial resistance.
Germany's Angela Merkel is leading the G-7 charge to seriously reform the World Health Organization. But will her campaign actually lead to lasting change?
The G-7 is gathering to tackle the world’s biggest problems. It’s starting with Ebola -- and what the World Health Organization did wrong.
What CFR.org Editors are reading the week of June 1–5, 2015.
Research Links on gender include news, background, data, organizations, economics, development, conflict, rights and more.
What CFR.org Editors are reading the week of May 25—29, 2015.
Muhammadu Buhari is sworn in as Nigeria's next president; Philippine President Benigno Aquino visits Japan and more candidates announce their intentions to run for U.S. president.
Alan Cooperman of the Pew Research Center discusses changes in religious demographics in the United States and around the world.
CFR convened roughly twenty experts for an all-day workshop in May 2015 to discuss fossil fuel subsidy reform. This report summarizes the highlights of that discussion.
What CFR.org Editors are reading the week of May 18-22, 2015.
The UN Security Council discusses sanctions against North Korea, Ireland holds a referendum on same-sex marriages and a reporter detained in Iran goes on trial.
Williams argues that the status quo for peace operations in untenable and that greater U.S. involvement is necessary to enhance the quality and success of peacekeeping missions.
The authors argue that the United States has responded inadequately to the rise of Chinese power and recommend placing less strategic emphasis on the goal of integrating China into the international system and more on balancing China's rise.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Ashley's War tells the poignant and gripping story of a groundbreaking team of female American warriors who served alongside Special Operations soldiers in Afghanistan. More
Smith's insightful book explores the policy issues testing the Japanese government as it tries to navigate its relationship with an advancing China. More
This revolutionary new look at volatility and crisis in oil markets explores the conditions in which oil supply fears arise, gain popularity, and eventually wane. More
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass.
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